The Manual of Style is currently under construction. It was last updated on September 9, 2021.
- 1 National varieties of English
- 2 Spelling and Grammar
- 3 Glossary
- 4 Official bios
- 5 Names of individual contestants
- 6 Season titles
- 7 Tribe Names
- 8 Capitalization
- 9 Punctuation
- 10 Text Formatting
- 11 Other
- 12 Individual Contestant Vote Tables
- 13 Differences from Wikipedia
National varieties of English
As this wiki originally covered the U.S. Survivor series before branching out into the Survivor franchise as a whole, this wiki generally uses American English, and as a result uses the serial comma which is fairly common in American English. Other national varieties of English should only be used when quoting a person affiliated with a non-U.S. series - for instance, quotes from Survivor (U.K.) contestants may be written in British English.
- As an example, the correct spelling in American English is "Favorites", not "Favourites".
Spelling and Grammar
- The location of Survivor: Cambodia and Survivor: Kaôh Rōng is usually spelled "Koh Rong" in English, despite how the name of the latter season is spelled.
- The same applies to "Ko Lanta" (the location) and Koh-Lanta (the French version of Survivor), along with several tribes and non-U.S. seasons.
- For possessives of a plural noun, omit the S after the apostrophe. For possessives of a non-plural noun, either is acceptable and you should use your own judgement.
- Avoid the deprecated noun usage of "male" or "female"; use "man" or "woman" instead.
In order to preserve official CBS.com contestant bios as closely as possible, special rules are used.
- Nothing should be changed from official bios, except the following may be changed in order to follow other parts of wiki policy:
- Code specific to MediaWiki, Wikia, and/or Survivor Wiki may be added, and HTML converted to wiki code.
- White space may be altered to put every question on a separate line.
- Capitalization and/or punctuation may be altered to conform with American English standards or the wiki's specific style guide. This rule is not intended to force American English usage on contestants from non-U.S. Survivor franchises.
- Names of tribes, seasons, and contestants may be linked to other pages on the wiki; in the case of tribes, the appropriate highlighting template may be used.
- Links to copyright-infringing or otherwise illegal content must be removed. Any content related to Survivor itself is considered fair use for the purposes of this rule.
Names of individual contestants
Individual contestants (or other Survivor personnel) are to be referred to by the name they used on Survivor, not their current name.
- For first names, the season's "Ancient Voices" intro is usually sufficient. This isn't a strict rule.
- A few contestants have competed under two different names. They use their later name, including for article titles, except when specifically referring to a season in which they used their earlier name; this applies both to text and piped links.
- For statistical purposes, contestants are counted as their gender identity of the time. However, this applies only for statistical purposes; if a contestant transitions after filming, their pronouns will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis.
- Elisabeth Filarski (Hasselbeck) and Vecepia Towery (Robinson), among others, changed their names after their appearance. They should be referred to by their current name only when dealing with events that happened after their name changed.
- Contestants who changed their name as the result of marriage to a previous contestant, such as Jaime Dugan (Huffman), use the same policy as all other contestants who changed their names.
- For the purposes of this rule, Gary Hogeboom and Lisa Whelchel are not to be considered to have used the names "Gary Hawkins" and "Lisa Cauble", as they were publicized under their birth names.
- Contestants who used nicknames and were publicized as such should be referred to as such, except in the lede to their article. For example, Brad Culpepper is not to be referred to as "John Broward Culpepper" outside the lede of his article.
- Contestants who commonly go by their last name within a certain season should be referred to as such. For instance, the shortened form of John Cochran is "Cochran", not "John".
- For Kelley Wentworth and Kelly Wiglesworth in Cambodia, it is acceptable to use their last names when describing the events of the season, but all vote charts should refer to them by their first names. The same extends to John Rocker in San Juan del Sur, but not Jon Misch as Jon was commonly known by his first name.
- If listing a last-name-basis contestant by their last name only would cause confusion, it is advised to use their full name. (Example: If Sarah Dawson and Max Dawson are both referred to within the same section, Sarah Dawson shouldn't be referred to solely as "Dawson".)
- Special cases:
Seasons should be referred to as Survivor: _____, in italics, where the underscores are replaced by the season's title.
The first two seasons of U.S. Survivor have alternate titles. This wiki has a policy for each of these titles.
- Season 1, currently referred to as Survivor: Borneo, was originally given the retronym Survivor: Pulau Tiga. The latter name should not be used to refer to the season, except in direct quotations or when specifically mentioned as an alternate title.
- Season 2, Survivor: The Australian Outback, is commonly given the alternate title Survivor: Australia. Both names are acceptable, because unlike the Pulau Tiga situation both remain in common use to this day.
"The" in Titles
Two seasons of the U.S. Survivor series have "The" at the start of the season name. On this wiki, the full season name includes the word "The".
- Survivor: The Australian Outback is not to be referred to as Australian Outback or Survivor: Australian Outback. As mentioned above, the official shortened title, Australia or Survivor: Australia, should be used instead. However, Australian Outback is acceptable in very specific instances where including the "The" would cause grammatical issues.
- Survivor: The Amazon is not to be referred to as Survivor: Amazon. If not preceded by "Survivor", the season can be referred to as either Amazon or The Amazon. For instance, the parenthetical disambiguation "Sleeping with the Enemy (Amazon)" uses the shorter name in its article title, but "Reunion (The Amazon)" uses the longer name.
- The subtitle for Survivor: Game Changers is Mamanuca Islands, not The Mamanuca Islands.
Any subtitles of the season should not be included in the article title nor any links to the season, but should be noted in the lede of the season's article.
When referring to two seasons with the same subtitle collectively, use "both Fans vs. Favorites seasons" (substituting the appropriate subtitle) or simply the season names.
- Survivor: Vanuatu, not Survivor: Vanuatu - Islands of Fire
- Survivor: Guatemala, not Survivor: Guatemala - The Maya Empire
- The subtitle in the season's logo uses "Maya", not "Mayan".
- Survivor: Panama, not Survivor: Panama - Exile Island or Survivor: Exile Island
- Survivor: Micronesia and Survivor: Caramoan, not Survivor: Micronesia - Fans vs. Favorites and Survivor: Caramoan - Fans vs. Favorites
- Survivor: Gabon, not Survivor: Gabon - Earth's Last Eden
- Survivor: Tocantins, not Survivor: Tocantins - The Brazilian Highlands
- Survivor: Cagayan and Survivor: Kaôh Rōng, not Survivor: Cagayan - Brawn vs. Brains vs. Beauty and Survivor: Kaôh Rōng - Brains vs. Brawn vs. Beauty
- For Cagayan, because this is not an official subtitle included on the season's primary logo, the lede says "also unofficially known as" to indicate this. The subtitle was made official in Kaôh Rōng.
- In Cagayan, "Brawn" is first in the subtitle, while in Kaôh Rōng, "Brains" is first.
- Survivor: Worlds Apart, not Survivor: Worlds Apart - White Collar vs. Blue Collar vs. No Collar
- While the subtitle was not included on the season's primary logo, an alternate logo with the subtitle saw enough use for the subtitle to be considered official.
- Survivor: Cambodia, not Survivor: Cambodia - Second Chance or Survivor: Second Chance
- Survivor: Game Changers, not Survivor: Game Changers - Mamanuca Islands
If a season's subtitle conflicts with the title of another season, a disambiguation may be present at the shared (sub)title, but this is not required.
- Survivor: Pearl Islands, not Survivor: Pearl Islands - Panama (conflict with Survivor: Panama)
- Survivor: San Juan del Sur, not Survivor: San Juan del Sur - Blood vs. Water (conflict with Survivor: Blood vs. Water)
- When referring to Blood vs. Water and San Juan del Sur collectively, use "both Blood vs. Water seasons" or simply the season names.
- Tribes are usually to be referred to by their official names: use "Malakal", not "Favorites".
- Tribes in Battle of the Sexes seasons can be referred to as "the men" or "the women", but syntax such as [[Tambaqui|the men]] should be avoided if possible.
- Descriptive terms (Fans, Favorites, etc.) are acceptable terms for the "groups" of castaways represented, especially in a post-switch or post-merge context, but should not be used to refer to the tribes, unless referring to two tribes with the same label or in a direct quotation. Furthermore, the tribes from Panama, Nicaragua, and Blood vs. Water are not to be given descriptive terms in this manner, except in direct quotations or tribe comparisons.
- The plural forms of Brawn and Beauty are Brawns and Beauties, respectively. The plural form of Brains is Brains. The singular form of Brains is Brain.
- The proper form is "[tribe name]", not "the [tribe name]", except when pluralized or formatted as "the [tribe name] tribe" – "Tagi" and "the Tagi tribe" are acceptable, as is "the Tagis", but not "the Tagi".
- In image captions, "Tagi" should be used, not "the Tagi tribe", because of the limited amount of space available in captions.
- The exceptions to this rule are the Outcasts from Survivor: Pearl Islands and the Heroes and Villains from Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains, as their names are themselves plural. For the former, the proper capitalization is "The Outcasts" but "the Outcasts tribe", not "The Outcasts tribe". The singular forms of these tribes are Outcast, Hero, and Villain respectively.
- All tribe names, except the Outcasts/Heroes/Villains, are treated as singular for grammatical purposes. The proper wording is "Koror wins immunity", not "Koror win immunity"; however, "the Heroes win immunity" is correct, not "the Heroes wins immunity".
- Trademarked words, other than acronyms/initialisms, should never be written in allcaps, even if this would ordinarily violate the rule against altering official bios. The sole exception to this rule is the use of "SURVIVOR" in official bios, and this exception applies only when referring to the franchise. When referring to individual seasons, "SURVIVOR" is altered to "Survivor".
|Terms by capitalization:|
|The following words are proper nouns and require capitalization:|
|Day [#]||day [#]||When referring to a day within the game's 39 or 42-day format; includes Day Zero. Also, Day Zero is spelled out.|
|Do-It-Yourself Challenge||do-it-yourself challenge|
|Exile Island||exile island
|"Exile" as a noun is also capitalized, when referring to Exile Island. As a verb or adjective, "exile" is not capitalized.|
|Final Tribal Council||final Tribal Council|
|Haves vs. Have Nots||haves vs. have nots|
|Hidden Immunity Idol||hidden immunity idol|
hidden Immunity Idol
|Immunity Challenge||immunity challenge|
|Immunity Idol||immunity idol|
|Immunity Necklace||immunity necklace||Includes "Immunity Talisman" for the first few seasons|
|Loved Ones Challenge||loved ones challenge|
|Redemption Island||redemption island
|"Redemption" as a noun is also capitalized, when referring to Redemption Island or its associated arena|
|Redemption Island Arena||Redemption Island arena||Capitalized because it is the name of a location|
|Reward Challenge||reward challenge|
|Schoolyard Pick||schoolyard pick|
|Sole Survivor||sole survivor||On official bios, use "Sole Survivor" instead of "Sole SURVIVOR" even if it would ordinarily violate the direct-quotation rule.|
|Includes any foreign names for the franchise; "SURVIVOR" is retained on official bios if referring to the franchise.|
|Survivor Auction||Survivor auction|
|Tree Mail||tree mail|
|Tribal Council||tribal council|
|All tribe names are capitalized||Includes "The Outcasts" only when referring to the tribe|
|The following words are not proper nouns and do not require capitalization:|
|auction||Auction||When not preceded by the word "Survivor"|
|duel||Duel||When not preceded by the word "Hero"; most commonly seen with "Redemption Island duel"|
|exile||Exile||As a verb or adjective|
|family visit||Family Visit|
|final [#]||Final [#]||Unless referring to the group of contestants at the Final Tribal Council, in which case both casings are acceptable|
|When referring to the tiebreaker.|
|idol||Idol||When not preceded by the word "Immunity"|
|immunity||Immunity||As a concept; includes "individual immunity" and "tribal immunity" except on contestant vote tables|
|jury||Jury||Was originally treated as a proper noun, but is no longer considered one|
|loved one(s)||Loved One(s)||When not followed by the word "Challenge"|
|medallion||Medallion||When referring to the Medallion of Power but not followed by the words "of Power"|
|merge||Merge||Was originally treated as a proper noun, but is no longer considered one|
|necklace||Necklace||When not preceded by the word "Immunity"; includes "talisman" for the first few seasons|
|reward||Reward||As a concept; includes "individual reward" and "tribal reward"|
|rock drawing||Rock Drawing||When referring to the tiebreaker|
|split vote||Split Vote||However, the page itself is located at Split Vote.|
|tribal||Tribal||As an adjective|
|tribe switch||Tribe Switch||Includes similar concepts like mutiny, tribe dissolve, et cetera. However, the page itself is located at Tribe Switch.|
|The following words have multiple acceptable casings:|
|buff / Buff||BUFF||Is a brand name, but is treated as a genericized trademark. Do not use all-caps.|
|final two / Final Two
final three / Final Three
|When referring to the group of contestants at the Final Tribal Council|
|tribal / Tribal||When referring to Tribal Council but not followed by the word "Council"|
|The following phrases are title-case:|
|Medallion of Power||medallion of power
Medallion Of Power
|Second word is not capitalized|
|the Outcasts||the outcasts
|When referring to the group of contestants from Pearl Islands or in the format "the Outcasts tribe"; see the tribe names section above|
|San Juan del Sur||San Juan Del Sur||Third word is not capitalized; for both the location and the season|
- As mentioned above, Survivor Wiki uses the serial comma: a list of three people is formatted "Kelly, Richard, and Rudy" – note the comma after Richard's name.
- However, certain episode titles such as "Anger, Tears and Chaos" do not use the serial comma.
- American English generally uses "vs." as the abbreviation for "versus", so all X vs. Y titles are styled in that way regardless of whether the period is included in the season's logo.
- The name "Ancient Voices" is in quotation marks, as it is the name of a composition.
- Names of series and seasons are italicized: Survivor (U.S.), Survivor: Borneo, Survivor: Panama.
- Disambiguation between seasons of the same name is not italicized: Australian Survivor: Champions v Contenders (2018).
- Names of episodes are in quotation marks: "The Marooning", "The Sole Surviving All-Star".
- The sole exception to this rule is Survivor: America's Tribal Council, which is italicized.
- Tribe names and similar descriptive terms are formatted as normal text: Tagi, Moto Maji, Favorites.
- Names of other television programs are italicized: The Amazing Race, Big Brother.
- For the purposes of this rule, sports broadcasts (NFL on CBS, March Madness Live) are programs, but sports events (Super Bowl, NCAA Basketball Tournament) are not.
- Non-English-language terms can be either italicized or in quotation marks to indicate their language of origin, but not both.
- The official name of this wiki is "Survivor Wiki", not "the Survivor Wiki".
- The phrase "final Tribal Council" is not to be used to refer to anything other than the Day 39/42 event, because of potential issues with the bot. Use "last Tribal Council" instead. The same applies to "final Immunity Challenge" as well.
- The plural of "runner-up" is "runners-up", not "runner-ups".
- The term "Twinnies" to refer to Nadiya Anderson and Natalie Anderson from Survivor: San Juan del Sur is discouraged without context, as a viewer of Survivor alone would not be familiar with the term from The Amazing Race.
- The descriptive term for the original Takali tribe in Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X is "Gen-X", not "Gen X". However, the season title does not use the hyphen.
Individual Contestant Vote Tables
For all of these examples, the links to footnotes have been removed for clarity.
- In the "Votes Received" column, list castaways separated by commas. Do not put "and" between the second-to-last and last names, but do put a comma between them.
- In the event of a tie vote where the contestant is not part of the tie and is eligible to vote/ineligible to receive votes at the revote, format the table as follows, and add a footnote below the table:
|Brenda's Voting History|
- In the event of a tie vote where the contestant is part of the tie and is ineligible to vote/eligible to receive votes at the revote, format the table as follows, and add a footnote below the table:
|Angie's Voting History|
|Bobby Jon, James;|
- At a three-person Tribal Council at which the non-immune contestants do not vote, they should be listed as "Ineligible" in italics on their vote table, but no footnote should be used.
|Aras's Voting History|
- The person who loses the final four tiebreaker challenge in Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers onward should have a line on their vote table indicating they were eliminated by a challenge.
|Devon's Voting History|
|Eliminated, Day 38|
Individual Immunity and Hidden Immunity Idols
- Individual Immunity is listed at all Tribal Councils where the contestant in question attended and voted while still in the game, but was ineligible to receive votes. If this immunity was not the result of winning an individual Immunity Challenge, a footnote is included below the chart.
|Heidi's Voting History|
- "Individual Immunity" is not listed if the contestant was eligible to receive votes, even if these votes would not count. If a contestant is "immune" in this way, all votes they receive are crossed out, and a footnote is included below the chart.
|Malcolm's Voting History|
- If a contestant casts a vote that is negated by a Hidden Immunity Idol, their vote is crossed out, and a footnote may be included below the chart.
|Baylor's Voting History|
- "De facto" individual immunity via possession of a Panama-onward Hidden Immunity idol at the last Tribal Council in which idols can be played is not included, unless the idol is actually played.
|Terry's Voting History|
- Unusual circumstances involving immunity (such as giving away the Immunity Necklace) may be footnoted if an editor sees fit to do so. However, such contestants cannot be listed as "Individual Immunity" if they were eligible to receive votes, even if these votes would not be counted.
|Erik's Voting History|
Extra Vote and Vote Steal Advantages
Footnotes are included for all these cases.
- If a contestant casts two votes because of an Extra Vote or similar advantage, and these votes are for the same person, both votes should be listed either by "x2" notation or by listing the same name twice. If these votes do not count, only the names themselves should be crossed out, not the "x2" or "+" notation.
|Tai's Voting History|
- If a contestant casts two votes because of an Extra Vote or similar advantage, and these votes are for two different people, both names are listed. If one or both of these votes do not count, only the name itself should be crossed out, not the "+" notation.
|Stephen's Voting History|
- If a contestant receives two votes from the same person because of an Extra Vote advantage, both votes should be listed either by "x2" notation or by listing the same name twice. If these votes do not count, everything should be crossed out, including the "x2" notation if applicable.
|Michele's Voting History|
- If a contestant does not cast a vote because they are ineligible to do so, they should be listed as "Ineligible" in italics on their vote table.
|Joe's Voting History|
Unusual Tribal Councils
- At the Pearl Islands Outcast Tribal Council, the Outcasts each cast two votes, and those votes should be listed as they would with any other double-voter. Outcast returnees should have an additional line in their vote table indicating they returned to the game via the Outcast vote. Episode 7 is not listed on any Outcast vote table, because the returning Outcasts did not re-enter the game until episode 8.
|Burton's Voting History|
Ryan S., Trish1
|Returned, Day 19|
- At a Joint Tribal Council, the cell background color is the tribe the contestant was on, but members of the opposing tribe(s) are highlighted in their own tribe color(s). The footnote given here is for the use of a Hidden Immunity Idol, not for the Joint Tribal Council itself.
|Malcolm's Voting History|
Hali, Sierra, Tai
|Voted Out, Day 11|
- At his elimination Tribal Council in Game Changers, Jeff Varner did not cast a vote. He is listed as "None" in italics on his vote table.
|Jeff's Voting History|
|7||None2||Andrea, Debbie, Ozzy,|
Sarah, Tai, Zeke
|Voted Out, Day 18|
- At her elimination Tribal Council in Game Changers, Cirie Fields was eliminated by default as the only person without some form of immunity. She is listed as receiving no votes, and her non-counted vote cast against Sarah Lacina is footnoted.
|Cirie's Voting History|
|Eliminated, Day 36|
- Votes held to remove one member of the jury, or to give one member of a tribe individual immunity of some kind, are not listed on any vote chart.
"No Tribal Council" and Similar Situations
For the purposes of these rules, in Redemption Island seasons, "elimination" refers to being eliminated from the main game, not from Redemption Island.
- "No Tribal Council" should be listed on a contestant's vote table if no Tribal Council took place in the episode because of a non-vote elimination, and the contestant was not otherwise abstained from Tribal Council via immunity. In addition, it should be listed on those eliminated by non-vote means outside Tribal Council, unless a Tribal Council was held to announce their elimination. If a contestant is individually immune but their immunity has no effect due to a non-vote elimination, this fact should be footnoted.
|Keith's Voting History|
|7||No Tribal Council1|
|Colton's Voting History|
|3||No Tribal Council|
|Quit, Day 7|
- "No Vote" should be listed on a contestant's vote table if a Tribal Council took place in the episode, but no votes were cast, and the contestant was not otherwise abstained from Tribal Council via immunity. In addition, it should be listed on those eliminated by non-vote means if they do not qualify for the "No Tribal Council" criteria, . The same footnoting rules apply as to "No Tribal Council".
|Tom's Voting History|
|Colton's Voting History|
|Evacuated, Day 16|
|Andrew's Voting History|
- Jonathan Libby and Wanda Shirk have special notation to indicate they were not picked to be part of a tribe at the Schoolyard Pick in Survivor: Palau.
|Jonathan's Voting History|
|Eliminated, Day 2|
- "No Elimination" or "Mock Vote" should be listed on a contestant's vote table if votes were cast at Tribal Council for some purpose, but no one was eliminated. As of 2020, this has only occurred on international versions of Survivor.
|Locky's Voting History|
|(2 episodes in between)|
- If a contestant is abstained from Tribal Council by being on Exile Island, they should be listed as "On Exile Island" and footnoted. As Julia Sokolowski in Kaôh Rōng was not sent to an official Exile Island, the wording for her is instead "Exiled to To Tang Camp".
|Bruce's Voting History|
|2||On Exile Island1|
- If a contestant is abstained from Tribal Council by kidnapping or by winning a post-merge team Immunity Challenge, they should be listed as such and footnoted.
|Nate's Voting History|
|6||Kidnapped By Aitutaki1|
- If a contestant is abstained from Tribal Council by an advantage, they should be listed as such and footnoted.
|Jeremy's Voting History|
|10||Safety Without Power2|
Differences from Wikipedia
Survivor Wiki policy is slightly different from Wikipedia's Survivor-related policy.
- Survivor Wiki counts votes cast at revotes and votes negated by Hidden Immunity Idols in contestant vote totals, while Wikipedia does not.
- Contestant tables on Survivor Wiki list each contestant once, regardless of the number of times they were voted out. Furthermore, the tables are organized by official placement rather than by the order they were voted out, which alters the contestant order in seasons with the Outcasts, Redemption Island, or Edge of Extinction twists.
|Survivor Wiki Policies|
|General Policies||Assume Good Faith • Blocking • Citation • Discussion • Manual of Style • Page Protection • Reversion of Edits • Spoilers • Uploading Images • What Survivor Wiki Is Not|
|Other Policies||Categories • User Blog • User Page|