Survivor Wiki
Survivor Wiki

The universal logo of the American Survivor series.

Survivor, also known as Expedition Robinson, is a reality-based competition television show.

The original Survivor franchise logo, used in most versions outside the United States.


Survivor is derived from a 1997 Swedish television series called Expedition Robinson. Following its success, in 2000, Mark Burnett collaborated with Charlie Parsons (who developed Expedition Robinson) to create the U.S. version, which they entitled Survivor. Initially, Burnett looked for a television network who would buy the concept, but was unsuccessful, until CBS accepted the offer.[1][2]

The American series debuted in May 31, 2000, which amassed huge international success, which prompted Burnett and Parsons to produce more seasons after it.

Following the American franchise, other countries have produced their own versions of the series. The rights to these franchises are bought from Parsons' Castaway Television Productions.

In Survivor: All-Stars, the novel and film Lord of the Flies was said to be an inspiration of the series.

The Survivor series is considered to be the pioneer of the Reality Television genre, spawning several reality shows with completely different premises, either competition-based, or chronicling a famous person's daily life.


The show's premise is to subject sixteen to twenty strangers to a remote location, stripped away of most comforts in life such as food and technology. These contestants would be undergo challenges and physical and mental fatigue for 39 days. Divided in to teams called "tribes", the castaways must construct a new world while battling the elements and one another. Every few nights, the tribe that loses an Immunity Challenge would go to Tribal Council and must vote one of their own off the island. At a certain point, what remains from the original tribes would merge into one final tribe where they will compete for a seat at the Final Tribal Council, where the most recently eliminated castaways will ultimately decide which of the final few would earn the title of Sole Survivor and its accompanying $1,000,000 prize.


The series' motto, Outwit, Outplay, Outlast, is the three key factors to ensure victory in the game. "Outwit" is the strategic factor, where a contestant must cleverly make it through the game as unscathed as possible. To "Outplay" is to consider the other contestants and how to assimilate and/or manipulate them. "Outlast" stands for surviving as many days as possible.


To know about Survivor's rules, refer to the Survivor Rulebook page.

Sixteen to twenty strangers will be marooned in an unforgiving territory where they will be divided into teams called "tribes". According to Jeff Probst, the standard sixteen-castaway format is implemented to make the viewers get to know each contestant more; but in seasons with more than sixteen contestants, Probst explained that the expanded cast is to have "wiggle room" in case of unprecedented events such as medical evacuations and voluntary exits.

Given a pre-determined amount of tools and supplies, the tribes would then proceed to their camps, which they will inhabit on for the next 39 days. These tools are usually limited to a machete, a cooking pot and water canteens. In some seasons, contestants are given limited food supplies such as rice and fruits. Otherwise, they have to rely on available flora and fauna for nourishment.

These tribes are also required to compete in competitions called "challenges", where they have to vie for either creature comforts such as additional supplies, food or love from home (Reward Challenges) or the right to stay for another cycle of days (Immunity Challenges). The tribe that loses at the Immunity Challenge must go to an elimination ceremony called Tribal Council where their actions will put into account. The tribe votes, and whoever receives the plurality of the votes (majority vote is not necessary) will be eliminated from the game. Occasionally, however, a twist may be present that allows previously voted out castaways to have a chance to reenter the game at a predetermined point.

At a certain point, the tribes will be merged into one final tribe, where they will now compete as individuals unlike the tribal phase, where challenges are won by group effort. In later seasons, the merge typically also marks the start of the jury phase, where the people who are eliminated will return to subsequent Tribal Councils to ultimately decide who among the final two/three will win the title of Sole Survivor and the million dollar prize that comes along with it at the Final Tribal Council.

Over the years, each franchise has introduced twists to the original format to make the game fresher and more interesting.

International Franchises

Africa and the Middle East

Country Local title Network Presenter
Arab World Survivor LBC Tareq Mounir
Israel Hisardut Channel 10 (season 1-6)
Channel 2 (season 7-)
Guy Zu-Aretz
South Africa Survivor South Africa M-Net Mark Bayly (seasons 1-2)
Nico Panagio (season 3-present)
Pan-Regional Survivor Anthony Oseyemi


Country Local title Network Presenter
Argentina Expedición Robinson El Trece Julián Weich
Brazil No Limite Rede Globo Zeca Camargo (season 1–4)
André Marques (season 5)
Fernando Fernandes (season 6–present)
TBA Noovo[3] TBA
Chile Expedición Robinson Canal 13 Margarita Francisco
Colombia Expedición Róbinson Caracol TV Guillermo Prieto (season 1–4)
Katerine Porto (season 1)
La Isla de los FamoS.O.S.
(Celebrity series)
RCN TV Guillermo Prieto (season 1–4)
Katerine Porto (season 1)
Ecuador Expedición Robinson Teleamazonas Marisa Sánchez
México La Isla TV Azteca Alejandro Lukini
Survivor México Arturo Islas Allende (season 1)

Carlos Guerrero (season 2)

United States Survivor CBS Jeff Probst
Venezuela Robinson: La Gran Aventura Venevisión N/A


Country Local title Network Presenter
Australia Australian Survivor Nine Network (season 1)
Seven Network (season 2)
Ten Network (season 3-present)
Lincoln Howes (season 1)
Ian Dickson (season 2)
Jonathan LaPaglia (season 3-present)
Azerbaijan Extreme Azerbaijan Space TV Emin Əhmədov
China Into The Shangri-La CCTV N/A
Georgia Ukanaskneli Gmiri Rustavi 2 N/A
India Survivor India Star Plus Sameer Kochhar
Survivor Tamil Zee Tamil Arjun Sarja
Japan Survivor TBS Munehiro Tokita
New Zealand Survivor NZ TV2 Matt Chisholm
Pakistan Survivor Pakistan PTV
TVOne Global
Philippines Survivor GMA Paolo Bediones (season 1-2)
Richard Gutierrez (season 3-4)


Country Local title Network Presenter
Baltic states Baltic Robinson TV3 Estonia
TV3 Latvia
TV3 Lithuania
Emil Rutiku (seasons 1-3)
Pauls Timrots (seasons 1-3)
Vytautas Kernagis (season 1-3)
Tenu Karks (season 4)
Raimond Dombrovskis (season 4)
Vytautas Kernagis (season 4)
Bulgaria Survivor BG BTV Kamen Vodenicharov (season 1)
Vladimir Karamazov(season 2-3, 4)
Evtim Miloshev (season 4)
Croatia Survivor Croatia HRT (season 1)
RTL Televizija (season 2)
Nova S, TV, M, BH (season 3)
Kristijan Potočki (season 1)
Antonija Blaće (season 2)
Milan Kalinić (season 2)
Andrija Milošević (season 2)
Marijana Batinić (season 2)
Mario Mlinarić (season 3)
Czech Republic Trosečník TV Prima Marek Vašut
Robinsonův ostrov TV Nova Ondřej Novotný
Denmark Robinson Ekspeditionen TV3 Thomas Mygind (season 1–6)
Jakob Kjeldbjerg (season 7–)
Finland Suomen Robinson Nelonen Jarmo Mäkinen (season 1)
Arttu Harkki (season 2)
Selviytyjät Suomi MTV3 Heikki Paasonen
France Koh-Lanta TF1 Hubert Auriol (season 1)
Denis Brogniart (season 2–)
Germany Survivor RTL 2 (season 1-2)
ProSieben (season 3)
Greece Survivor Mega TV (season 1-3)
STAR (season 4)
Hungary Survivor – A Sziget RTL Klub András Stohl
Italy Survivor Italia Italia 1 Pietro Suber (season 1)
Benedetta Corbi (season 1)
L'Isola dei Famosi Rai Due (season 1-9)
Canale 5 (season 10-)
Simona Ventura (season 1–8)
Marco Mazzocchi (season 1–3)
Paolo Brosio (season 4)
Francesco Facchinetti (season 5)
Filippo Magnini (season 6)
Rossano Rubicondi (season 7)
Daniele Battaglia (season 8)
Nicola Savino (season 9)
Vladimir Luxuria (season 9)
Alessia Marcuzzi (season 10-)
Alberto 'Alvin' Bonato (season 10-)
Netherlands Expeditie Robinson VT4 (seasons 1–5)
NET 5 (seasons 1-5)
Tien (Seasons 6–7)
2BE (seasons 6–13)
RTL 5 (seasons 6–13)
Désiré Naessens (season 1)
Ernst-Paul Hasselbach (seasons 1–9)
Roos Van Acker (seasons 2–5)
Lotte Verlackt (seasons 6–7)
Evi Hanssen (seasons 7–13)
Eddy Zoey (seasons 10–12)
Dennis Weening (season 13)
Dennis Weening

Evi Hanssen (season 14)
Nicolette Kluijver (season 15-)

Norway Robinsonekspedisjonen TV3 (season 1-14)
TV2 (season 15-)
Nils Ole Oftebro (season 1)
Christer Falch (season 2–)
Poland Wyprawa Robinson TVN Hubert Urbański
Portugal Survivor TVI N/A
Romania Supraviețuitorul Pro TV Dragoş Bucurenci
Russia Last Hero C1R Sergei Bodrov, Jr. (season 1)
Dmitry Pevtsov (season 2)
Nikolai Fomenko (season 3)
Aleksandr Domagarov (season 4)
Vladimir Menshov (season 5)
Kseniya Sobchak (season 7)
Scandinavia Expedition Robinson VIP TV3 Denmark
TV3 Norway
TV3 Sweden
Mikkel Beha Erichsen
Serbia Survivor Srbija A1 Televizija (season 1)
PRO TV (season 1)
Prva (seasons 1-4)
Alternativna Televizija (seasons 1-2)
NTV Hayat (season 2)
TV 3 (season 2)
Sitel (seasons 2-4)
TV In (seasons 2-4)
OBN (seasons 3-4)
RTL (season 4)
Nova S, TV, M, BH (season 5)
Andrija Milošević (seasons 1-4)
Marijana Batinić (season 4)
Bojan Perić (season 5)
Slovenia Survivor TV3 (season 1)
POP TV (season 2)
Ula Furlan (season 1)
Miran Stanovnik (season 2)
Slovakia Celebrity Camp TV JOJ Petra Polnišová
Ostrov Markíza Marián Mitaš
Spain Supervivientes Telecinco (seasons 1-2; season 7-)
Antena 3 (season 3-6)
Juan Manuel López (Seasons 1-2)
Paco Lobaton (season 2)
Paula Vázquez (seasons 3-6)
Alonso Caparrós (season 3)
Nuria Roca (seasons 4-6)
Jesús Vázquez (seasons 7-11)
José Mª Íñigo (season 7)
Mario Picazo (seasons 8-10)
Eva González (season 11)
Jorge Javier Vázquez (seasons 12-15)
Raquel Sánchez (seasons 12-14)
Lara Álvarez (season 14-15)
Sweden Expedition Robinson SVT (season 1-7)
TV3 (season 8-9)
TV4 (season 10-14)
Sjuan (season 15)
Harald Treutiger (season 1-2)
Anders Lundin (season 3-7)
Robert Aschberg (season 8-9)
Linda Isacsson (season 10)
Paolo Roberto (season 11-14)
Switzerland Expedition Robinson TV3 Silvan Grütter
Turkey Survivor Turkey Kanal D (season 1)
Show TV (season 2-4)
Star TV (Season 7-8)
Tv8 (season 9)
Ahmet Utlu (season 1)
Acun Ilıcalı (season 2-8,9)
Hanzade Ofluoğlu (season 5)
Burcu Esmersoy (season 6)
Alp Kırşan (season 7-8,9)
Urkraine Last Hero ICTV N/A
United Kingdom Survivor ITV Mark Austin (season 1)
John Leslie (season 1)
Mark Nicholas (season 2)


Through Borneo until Tocantins and from Nicaragua to South Pacific, Survivor remained as one of the most watched television shows, breaking in to the Top 20 Most Watched shows of their respective television seasons. The season finale alone of Borneo, "The Final Four", ranked the series' highest number of viewers, with 51.69 million viewers. The change of time slot in Survivor: Nicaragua (from Thursdays to Wednesdays) did not seem to affect ratings.[4]


Survivor's success are largely thought as the proponent of the Reality Television genre, spawning several other reality shows, competition-based or otherwise. On a similar note, Mark Burnett subsequently produced several other competition-based programs such as The Apprentice, Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader?, Combat Missions (which starred Survivor: Borneo and Survivor: All-Stars contestant Rudy Boesch), The Voice, and among others.


In the United States version, other than DVDs and replica buffs, merchandise ranges from mugs, flash disks, keychains, computer games, and shirts. Several of the US show's props, such as contestants' torches, Immunity Idols and challenge paraphernalia are auctioned off for charity.


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