Survivor is a U.S. reality-based competition television show, based on the Swedish television series, Expedition Robinson created by Charlie Parsons in 1997. It premiered on May 31, 2000, and is currently hosted by Jeff Probst.
The series airs on Wednesdays (formerly Thursdays) at 8:00 pm during the fall and spring but is currently indefinitely on-hiatus due to COVID-19.
- 1 History
- 2 Format
- 2.1 Division of Tribes
- 2.2 Merge
- 2.3 Finalist and Jury composition
- 2.4 Tribe Switch
- 2.5 Tribe Raid
- 2.6 Schoolyard Pick
- 2.7 Buried Treasure
- 2.8 Kidnapping
- 2.9 Previously Eliminated Castaways
- 2.10 Tribal Council-Related
- 2.11 Exile Island
- 2.12 Hidden Immunity Idol
- 2.13 Challenge Advantage
- 2.14 First Impressions
- 2.15 Tribe Leader
- 2.16 Medallion of Power
- 2.17 One World
- 2.18 Day Zero
- 2.19 Voting Advantages
- 2.20 Juror Removal
- 2.21 Legacy Advantage
- 2.22 Reward Steal
- 2.23 Advantage Menu
- 2.24 Idol Nullifier
- 3 Seasons
- 4 Success
- 5 Awards
- 6 See also
- 7 References
An instant hit in the United States, the first eleven seasons of Survivor regularly rated among the top ten most-watched television shows. The show is considered the pioneer of the reality television genre, being the first highly rated and profitable reality show on television, and often considered to be one of the best shows during the 2000s.
The show has regularly been nominated for various Emmy Awards, such as Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming and Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming. Jeff Probst has won four consecutive years for Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program. Survivor has also won a GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Reality Program, for the show's thoughtful handling of the Zeke Smith's story after Jeff Varner outed him in Survivor: Game Changers.
Starting with Survivor: Island of the Idols, Canadian citizens are eligible to apply for the show. Prior to this, dual-citizen Americans had to give up their non-American citizenship for legal reasons to earn their winnings, though the only known case of a castaway doing so is Todd Herzog in Survivor: China.
- Main article: Twist
Similar to the original Expedition Robinson, sixteen to twenty people, referred to as "castaways" or "survivors", split into two or more groups, referred to as "tribes", would be taken to a remote location, most often tropical, and forced to live off the land for 39 days (42 in The Australian Outback). Every so often, the tribes would meet together to compete for reward, usually items to improve island living conditions or meals, or for immunity from being voted out at Tribal Council.
Usually signalling the halfway point of the season, the competing tribes would form one final tribe in an event called the merge. At this point, the castaways would be competing in challenges individually (though some post-merge Reward Challenges may divide the remaining castaways into teams). At least one person will win individual immunity in the form of a necklace, preventing that castaway from being voted out at the next Tribal Council. Most castaways eliminated after the merge will begin forming the jury. Once the season gets down to the Final Two or Final Three, the finalists will plead their case to the jury. The jury will then cast their vote for the castaway they considered should be the Sole Survivor, in addition to the $1 million prize.
Since the original format in Survivor: Borneo (two tribes of eight, merge at ten, jury at nine, and Final Two), the game has introduced several twists to keep players on their toes and to make the season more exciting and fresh to the audience.
Division of Tribes
- Main article: Tribe
Number of Members per Tribe
- Two Tribes of Eight: First used in Survivor: Borneo, and subsequently used in The Australian Outback, Africa, Marquesas, Thailand, The Amazon, Pearl Islands, China, and Tocantins, the castaways were divided into two tribes of eight. Except for The Amazon, the tribes consisted of four men and four women on each tribe. In The Amazon, the tribes were divided by gender with eight men on one tribe and eight women on the other.
- Three Tribes of Six: First used on Survivor: All-Stars, and subsequently used in Philippines, Cagayan, Worlds Apart, Kaôh Rōng, and Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers, the castaways were divided into three tribes of six, consisting of three men and three women on each tribe.
- Two Tribes of Nine: First used on Survivor: Vanuatu, and subsequently used in Palau, Guatemala, Fiji, Gabon, Redemption Island, South Pacific, One World, San Juan del Sur, and Edge of Extinction, the castaways were divided into two tribes of nine. When this format was first used in Vanuatu and later in One World, the castaways were divided by gender, one tribe consisting of nine men, and the other tribe consisting of nine women. In other seasons using this format, except Fiji and San Juan del Sur, the tribes would consist of either five men and four women or four men and five women. (Palau started with twenty castaways, but one man and one woman were eliminated in the tribe selection.) In Fiji, due to Mellisa McNulty dropping out late, Sylvia Kwan, would be selected to pick the tribes and in San Juan del Sur, a female-female pair was pulled shortly before the game started, thus both seasons started with both tribes having five men and four women.
- Four Tribes of Four: Only used in Survivor: Panama, the castaways were divided into four tribes of four, divided by gender and age, therefore two tribes had four men each and two tribes had four women each.
- Four Tribes of Five: Only used in Survivor: Cook Islands, the castaways were divided into four tribes of five. Two tribes consisted of three men and two women, while the other two tribes consisted of two men and three women.
- Two Tribes of Ten: First used on Survivor: Micronesia, and subsequently used in Samoa, Heroes vs. Villains, Nicaragua, Caramoan, Blood vs. Water, Cambodia, Millennials vs. Gen X, Game Changers, Ghost Island, David vs. Goliath, Island of the Idols, and Winners at War, the castaways were divided into two tribes of ten, consisting of five men and five women on each tribe.
As per the consensus of the producers, a batch of contestants could be sorted into tribes with a common theme, sometimes based on the cast's personal attributes. Some seasons have contestants be joined with returning players, all of which have certain similar attributes.
- Gender: First seen in Survivor: The Amazon, followed by Survivor: Vanuatu and Survivor: One World, the tribes were divided based on their gender, pitting the men against the women. Typically the tribes are switched up later in the game.
- All returning players: In Survivor: All-Stars, Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains, Survivor: Cambodia, Survivor: Game Changers, and Survivor: Winners at War, eighteen to twenty past players returning to play the game.
- Heroes vs. Villains: Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains featured two tribes defined by popularity or infamy. The Heroes were picked for being deemed to play the game with integrity, courage and honor, while the Villains were picked due to their skills in manipulation, deception and overall notoriety.
- Game Changers: In Survivor: Game Changers, Survivor brought back 20 former players who were proclaimed as game changers, people who tried to change the game.
- Winners at War: In Survivor: Winners at War, 20 winners from previous seasons of Survivor are invited to play again for an even bigger grand prize.
- One returnee per tribe: In Survivor: Guatemala, Survivor: Redemption Island, Survivor: South Pacific, and Survivor: Philippines, one returning contestant joined one tribe, making them full-fledged players of the game. In Guatemala, Stephenie LaGrossa and Bobby Jon Drinkard, who were the last remaining members of the ill-fated Ulong tribe were given a second chance. In Redemption Island, Rob Mariano and Russell Hantz settled their rivalry dating back from Heroes vs. Villains. In South Pacific, Coach Wade and Ozzy Lusth joined the game under the premise that they were popular to have terrible social games in their previous outings. In Philippines, Jonathan Penner, Russell Swan, and Michael Skupin were all medically evacuated in their previous seasons. Survivor: Edge of Extinction expanded on this format, bringing back four former castaways and assigning two to each tribe of new players.
- Age and Gender: In Survivor: Panama, its sixteen contestants were divided into four tribes of four according to age and gender: Younger men, younger women, older women, and older men.
- Ethnicity: In a rather controversial move, the castaways of Survivor: Cook Islands were divided into four tribes of five according to their ethnicity: Hispanic, Caucasian, African, and Asian.
- Haves vs. Have Nots: Survivor: Fiji had the Haves vs. Have Nots twist. Known as one of the worst twists in Survivor history, the "Haves" tribe was given all of the luxuries needed for living, and the "Have Nots" tribe was given little to nothing.
- Fans vs. Favorites: Survivor: Micronesia and Survivor: Caramoan had ten self-proclaimed "superfans" of the show that were pitted against ten fan favorites from seasons past.
- Age: In Survivor: Nicaragua, the tribes were defined according to age, with an entire tribe of younger players and an entire tribe of older players. This theme returned in the form of Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X.
- Blood vs. Water: Survivor: Blood vs. Water and Survivor: San Juan del Sur featured pairs of contestants with a pre-existing relationship. In the first Blood vs. Water, a tribe of former contestants were pitted against their loved ones who were playing for the first time. In the second version, an all-new batch of contestants underwent the same twist.
- Brawn vs. Brains vs. Beauty: In Survivor: Cagayan and Survivor: Kaôh Rōng, the tribes were divided into 3 tribes of 6 according to the contestants' best attribute that gets them by in life: Intellect, physical strength, or physical appearance and social skills.
- White Collar vs. Blue Collar vs. No Collar: In Survivor: Worlds Apart, the tribes were divided into 3 tribes of 6 according to the contestants' social class of occupation.
- Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers: Contestants are separated based on praised qualities about themselves.
- David vs. Goliath: The castaways were divided into two tribes based on their degree of success in life: the underdog "Davids" and the overachieving "Goliaths".
- Main article: Merge
Usually occurring near the halfway point of the season, the merge sees the dissolution of any tribes in the game, with all remaining players forming a new tribe, and the challenges going from tribal to individual.
- Main article: Fake Merge
Only used in Survivor: Thailand, this twist saw Chuay Gahn and Sook Jai under the impression that they had merged, until the following Immunity Challenge, where Jeff Probst revealed that the tribes had not actually merged.
A delayed merge is when the merge occurs with less than ten castaways remaining. The first delayed merge occurred in Survivor: Thailand, due to the advent of the Fake Merge delaying the actual merger to when eight castaways remained. To date Thailand is currently the only season to merge at eight. The delayed merges in Survivor: All-Stars, Survivor: Cook Islands, and Survivor: Gabon were done with nine remaining.
An early merge is when the merge occurs with more than ten castaways remaining. The first early merge occurred in Survivor: Samoa, merging with twelve castaways remaining. Since Survivor: Nicaragua, merging with eleven or more castaways has become the norm, with some seasons merging as early as the final thirteen.
Finalist and Jury composition
- Final Two and Jury of Seven: Original format; used from Survivor: Borneo to Survivor: Panama and in Survivor: Tocantins.
- Final Three and Jury of Nine: First introduced in Survivor: Cook Islands and subsequently used in Survivor: Fiji and from Survivor: Samoa to Survivor: One World.
- Final Three and Jury of Seven: First introduced in Survivor: China and subsequently used in Survivor: Gabon. Survivor: Kaôh Rōng would have seven jurors voting at the Final Tribal Council, but originally had eight until the Juror Removal twist on Day 38.
- Final Two and Jury of Eight: Currently has only been used in Survivor: Micronesia.
- Final Three and Jury of Eight: First introduced in Survivor: Philippines, and subsequently used in Survivor: Caramoan, Survivor: Blood vs. Water, Survivor: San Juan del Sur, Survivor: Worlds Apart, and Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers. Kaôh Rōng originally had eight jurors, but only seven would remain on the jury due to the Juror Removal twist.
- Final Two and Jury of Nine: Currently has only been used in Survivor: Cagayan.
- Final Three and Jury of Ten: First introduced in Survivor: Cambodia, and subsequently used in Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X, Survivor: Game Changers, Survivor: Ghost Island, Survivor: David vs. Goliath, and Survivor: Island of the Idols. As Ghost Island ended in a tie, the second runner-up would join the jury as the eleventh member to break the tie. Island of the Idols was originally supposed to have eleven jurors, however, the ejection of one castaway reduced the number of jurors to ten.
- Final Three and Variable Jury: First introduced in Survivor: Edge of Extinction and subsequently used in Survivor: Winners at War. Theoretically, as everyone voted out until five remain in the main game may be on the Edge of Extinction until the second re-entry point, the season's jury could have any number of jurors. Edge of Extinction would feature thirteen jurors and Winners at War would feature sixteen.
- Main article: Tribe Switch
First introduced in Africa, a Tribe Switch reassigns castaways into new tribe compositions. Tribe Switches can occur at any point in the game.
There are a few variations of a Tribe Switch:
- A swap occurs when the number of members switched from each tribe are even.
- A shuffle is when a tribe can consist of any number of members from either tribe.
- A mutiny is when castaway(s) are offered to voluntarily switch tribes.
- An absorption occurs during three tribe seasons. This is when one tribe is dissolved and spread among the other two tribes without the other two tribes' members switching tribes.
- A conquering is when the remaining members of one tribe are absorbed into another tribe, where the season has no merge.
- A disbanding is when one or more tribes are dissolved with all remaining castaways in the game being shuffled into new tribes.
- An expansion is when a third tribe is introduced in a season starting with two tribes, with all remaining castaways being shuffled into new tribes.
- Main article: Tribe Raid
First introduced in Survivor: Marquesas, a Tribe Raid allows one tribe to raid another tribe's camp for a short period of time to take as many items as they can. While used in Marquesas, Survivor: Tocantins, and Survivor: Cagayan once, in Survivor: Pearl Islands, after each Reward Challenge one person from the winning tribe would be sent to the losing tribe to take one item from their campsite.
- Main article: Schoolyard Pick
In Survivor: Thailand, Survivor: Palau, and Survivor: Gabon, a Schoolyard Pick was used to determine the tribes. In Thailand and Gabon, the oldest man and oldest woman would select the tribes. In Palau the man and woman who found the Immunity Necklaces would pick their tribes, with one man and one woman being unselected in the process, eliminating them from the game. Schoolyard Picks have also been used in Tribe Switches to determine the new tribes.
- Main article: Buried Treasure
Buried Treasure is a twist that allows tribes to find a lucrative reward hidden in their campsite. When first used in Survivor: Pearl Islands, the tribes would win clues to the location of the chest after a Reward Challenge. In Survivor: All-Stars, the tribes were given a chest with three locks whose keys were hidden. Winning Reward Challenges would earn tribes clues to where one of the keys are hidden.
- Main article: Kidnapping
Kidnapping is the right to take one member of the opposing tribe for a short period of time. This twist was first used in Survivor: Pearl Islands, where the winner of the Day 12 Immunity Challenge would kidnap one member of the losing tribe until after the following Reward Challenge, skipping Tribal Council. Survivor: All-Stars and Survivor: Cook Islands would use this twist, though only the kidnapped castaway would simply skip Tribal Council. Survivor: China would use this twist throughout the pre-merge, where a castaway would be kidnapped after each Reward Challenge and be given a clue to their kidnapper's Hidden Immunity Idol, returning at the next Immunity Challenge. Survivor: Samoa would use a similar twist called Observing, where the winning tribe's leader would send someone to observe the losing tribe. Similar to China, the observer would be sent after a Reward Challenge and return to their tribe at the Immunity Challenge.
Previously Eliminated Castaways
A few seasons have made it possible for eliminated castaways to reenter the game.
- Main article: The Outcasts
Only used in Survivor: Pearl Islands, the Outcasts would see the first six castaways eliminated from the seasons compete for a chance to reenter the game. If the Outcasts could finish the Immunity Challenge before either Drake or Morgan, they would be eligible to vote at least one of them back into the game. If they finished last, no one from the Outcasts would return.
- Main article: Redemption Island (twist)
First introduced in Survivor: Redemption Island, Redemption Island would see eliminated castaways compete in duels to reenter the game at one of two points: the merge or Day 36. In Redemption Island, only one castaway would be eliminated from each Redemption Island duel, except for the final reentry duel, where only one person could reenter the game. In Survivor: South Pacific, group duels were rehashed so only one castaway could continue on. In Survivor: Blood vs. Water, three castaways would compete in each duel, with only one castaway being eliminated per duel, except for the two reentry duels. In addition, loved ones would be able to switch out, putting themselves on Redemption Island in place of their loved one.
Edge of Extinction
- Main article: Edge of Extinction (twist)
First introduced in Survivor: Edge of Extinction, the Edge of Extinction allows castaways to wait for an opportunity to reenter the game, either at the merge or on Day 35. After each castaway is eliminated, up until there are six in the main game, they will be given the option to go to the Edge of Extinction or finish their journey, permanently eliminating them from the game. While on the Edge of Extinction, a castaway may quit by hoisting a white flag. Unlike Redemption Island, castaways are not permanently eliminated until the second reentry duel. Any castaway who is on the Edge of Extinction after the merge is a part of the jury.
There have been a few twists utilizing Tribal Council.
Double Tribal Council
- Main article: Double Tribal Council
A Double Tribal Council is when both pre-merge tribes are informed that they will both be voting someone out on the same night in back-to-back Tribal Councils. This twist is usually used in seasons with more than sixteen castaways. First introduced in Survivor: Pearl Islands, for the Outcasts finishing first, Drake and Morgan would both vote out one member of their tribe, however only Drake would vote, as Osten Taylor quit at Morgan's Tribal Council. In Survivor: Vanuatu the twist would take its more familiar form, where one tribe would win reward (usually in the form of food and watching the other tribe's Tribal Council), and at least one person having individual immunity. In Survivor: Winners at War, the twist was used with three tribes; the first place tribe would win immunity, while the two losing tribes were both required to vote someone out at Tribal Council.
- Main article: Double Elimination
A Double Elimination is where one tribe attends Tribal Council to vote two people out consecutively. This twist was first used in Survivor: Cook Islands, where the tribe that lost a particular Immunity Challenge was given a message in the bottle and were informed they were to vote another castaway out immediately. In Survivor: Redemption Island and Survivor: South Pacific, this twist occurred post-merge, and an impromptu Immunity Challenge was conducted between the vote. In Survivor: Ghost Island and Survivor: Island of the Idols, the merged tribe was split into two temporary teams of five, with each team having one person with immunity, and voting out one person.
Joint Tribal Council
- Main article: Joint Tribal Council
A Joint Tribal Council is where two tribes attend Tribal Council to vote out one, single castaway, and usually occurs when three tribes are in play. The two tribes are not given any time before Tribal Council to interact with one another, and this often results in a live Tribal Council. This twist was first used in Survivor: Game Changers, and later in Survivor: Edge of Extinction. Survivor: Samoa and Survivor: One World saw both of its pre-merge tribes attend Tribal Council together, but in both instances, it was to inform the castaways on the status of an evacuated castaway and in One World to inform the tribes of the merge.
- Main article: Exile Island (twist)
First introduced in Survivor: Palau as a one-time twist, Exile Island sees a castaway being banished to a secluded island for a short period of time. Exile Island would first appear as a season-long twist in Survivor: Panama, where the Hidden Immunity Idol is hidden. Since then a few tweaks to the twist have been implemented, such as exiling one person from each tribe (used in Survivor: Micronesia, Survivor: Tocantins, and Survivor: San Juan del Sur), the choice between idle comfort or idol protection (used in Survivor: Gabon), or Hero Duels, where one person from each tribe would compete in a duel for reward, with the loser being exiled, along with someone from the opposing tribe, (used in San Juan del Sur). If a Tribe Switch occurs with an uneven number of people, the odd-person out may be exiled, joining the tribe that loses a member after the next Tribal Council.
- Main article: Ghost Island (twist)
Ghost Island is a variant on Exile Island. Similar to Exile Island, a castaway is banished to Ghost Island for a short amount of time. While on Ghost Island, an advantage may be available for the exiled to find, based on objects that were linked to previous Survivor mistakes or bad moves. If an advantage is available, a castaway may wager their vote for a chance to get the advantage. If they fail to make the right choice, they will be unable to vote at their next Tribal Council.
Island of the Idols
- Main article: Island of the Idols (twist)
Island of the Idols is a variant on Exile Island. Similar to Exile Island, a castaway is banished to Island of the Idols for a short amount of time. On the island are a pair of former Survivor winners, to help coach the castaway exiled in an aspect of Survivor. If they wish to, they may compete in a Mentors' Challenge to apply what they have learned. If they decide to compete and win, they will earn an advantage. If they lose the challenge, they will lose their next vote at their next Tribal Council.
Hidden Immunity Idol
- Main article: Hidden Immunity Idol
First introduced in Survivor: Guatemala, the Hidden Immunity Idol grants protection for the person who finds it. In Guatemala, the idol had to be played before the votes were cast and worked similar to the Immunity Necklace, granting a person immunity at the Tribal Council it was used. In Survivor: Panama and Survivor: Cook Islands, the Hidden Immunity Idol could be played after all the votes are read, negating all votes against the user, and eliminating the person with the second-highest number of votes. This type of idol is often referred to as the Super Idol. A super idol would be hidden post-merge in Survivor: Cagayan and at the marooning in Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers. Survivor: Kaôh Rōng would allow a person to combine two idols to form a super idol. Starting in Survivor: Fiji the Hidden Immunity Idol could only be played after the votes were cast, but before they are read, negating any votes cast against the user, but also making it possible for an idol to be wasted.
- Main article: Challenge Advantage
A Challenge Advantage is a one-time advantage that gives the user an advantage in an upcoming challenge. The advantage first appeared in a Survivor Auction in Survivor: Guatemala. Most Challenge Advantages are usually used for an upcoming individual Immunity Challenge, though one was offered in Survivor: Game Changers as part of the Advantage Menu for an upcoming tribal Immunity Challenge. Survivor: Edge of Extinction saw advantages to practice for the upcoming reentry duels, in addition to an advantage that allows the user to penalize someone at the first reentry duel.
- Main article: First Impressions
The First Impressions twist sees voting a castaway out on Day 1. First introduced in Survivor: Tocantins, the castaways were not actually voted-out but instead flown out ahead to their tribe's campsite, where they were given the dilemma of searching for a Hidden Immunity Idol or to build a shelter before the others arrived. In Survivor: Blood vs. Water, the First Impressions twist was used to immediately eliminate these castaways and send them to Redemption Island, for a chance to return to the game. In Survivor: Cagayan, this twist was used in conjunction with the Tribe Leader twist, where the leaders would select someone they think are the weakest. Similar to Tocantins, the castaways were not actually voted out, but instead flown out ahead and given the dilemma of a clue to a Hidden Immunity Idol or an extra bag of rice.
- Main article: Tribe Leader
The Tribe Leader twist sees the tribe vote for someone to be its leader and make decisions. First introduced in Survivor: Samoa, the tribe leaders were used to make decisions challenge assignments, sit-outs, observers, etc. and given a necklace to signify them as leaders. If a leader is eliminated, the tribe must elect a new one. When used in Survivor: Cagayan, Survivor: Worlds Apart, and Survivor: Ghost Island, the leaders were only shown performing their duties on Day 1 (though the existence of a chore chart in Ghost Island might suggest otherwise).
Medallion of Power
- Main article: Medallion of Power
Only used in Survivor: Nicaragua, the Medallion of Power would give the tribe that used it an advantage in the challenge of their choice. Once the tribe uses it, the Medallion of Power is given to the opposing tribe. The Medallion of Power was retired after the Tribe Switch.
- Main article: One World (twist)
The One World twist has opposing tribes living together for a determined period of time. The twist first appeared in Survivor: Thailand in conjunction with the Fake Merge twist, where Chuay Gahn and Sook Jai were assumed to be merged. Survivor: Palau and Survivor: Fiji would implement this twist, where the castaways lived together until the tribes were properly formed. Survivor: One World would implement twist, seeing the Manono and Salani tribes living together until the Tribe Switch.
- Main article: Day Zero
Day Zero is only used in Blood vs. Water seasons where loved ones are secluded for a twelve-hour period before the game begins.
Some seasons have included advantages that involve votes.
- Main article: Extra Vote
The Extra Vote was introduced in Survivor: Worlds Apart, allowing a castaway to vote twice in one Tribal Council. The only known tweak of the Extra Vote is in Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers, where to gain the power, the finder would have to abstain from the immediate Tribal Council, taking the extra parchment to vote at a future Tribal Council.
- Main article: Vote Steal
The Vote Steal was introduced in Survivor: Cambodia. Similar to the Extra Vote, it allows a castaway to vote twice but does so by stealing another castaway's vote, preventing them from voting.
- Main article: Vote Blocker
The Vote Blocker, similar to the Vote Steal, prevents a castaway from voting but does not allow the user to vote an additional time. The Vote Blocker was first introduced in Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers, where the holder of the advantage would have to block one vote at the next Tribal Council regardless if the holder's tribe attended Tribal Council or not. In Survivor: Island of the Idols, the Vote Blocker was change to work more closely to other advantages, having the holder to inform that they are using the advantage and on who, and can be used at any Tribal Council until its expiration.
- Main article: Juror Removal
- Main article: Legacy Advantage
The Legacy Advantage is an advantage that is found early in the game, only for its power to be used at a later date. Currently, the Legacy Advantage works like a Hidden Immunity Idol. Unlike other advantages, if a castaway is voted out with the Legacy Advantage in their possession, the eliminated castaway must will it over to someone currently in the game. When the advantage was introduced in Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X, it could only be used when six people remain in the game. Starting in Survivor: Game Changers, the Legacy Advantage could be used when either thirteen or six people remain in the game.
- Main article: Reward Steal
The Reward Steal allows a castaway to steal a reward to claim it for themselves or for their tribe. This twist was first introduced in Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X and later used as part of the Advantage Menu in Survivor: Edge of Extinction.
- Main article: Advantage Menu
The Advantage Menu is an advantage that offers the holder one of three options. It was first introduced in Survivor: Game Changers, where John Cochran offered the exiled Debbie Wanner a fake Hidden Immunity Idol kit, an Extra Vote, or an advantage for her tribe at the next Immunity Challenge. In Survivor: Edge of Extinction, the Advantage menu offered a Reward Steal, an Extra Vote, or the advantage's use as a Hidden Immunity Idol, and could only be used up until the third Tribal Council.
- Main article: Idol Nullifier
Introduced in Survivor: David vs. Goliath, the Idol Nullifier negates the use of a Hidden Immunity Idol. The advantage can only be played at the voting booth, where the user must state who the Idol Nullifier is to be used on. If the user correctly guesses that person will use a Hidden Immunity Idol on themselves or have an idol played for them, the advantage will be revealed, negating the idol. The Idol Nullifier will not be revealed if the user guessed incorrectly.
|Season||Tribes||Number of Castaways||Filming Location||Filming Dates||Season Run||Sole Survivor||Viewership|
|16||Pulau Tiga, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia||March 13, 2000 - April 20, 2000||May 31, 2000 - August 23, 2000||
The Australian Outback
|16||Herbert River, Goshen Station, Queensland, Australia||October 23, 2000 - December 3, 2000||January 28, 2001 - May 3, 2001||
|16||Shaba National Reserve, Kenya||July 11, 2001 - August 18, 2001||October 11, 2001 - January 10, 2002||
|16||Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, France||November 12, 2001 - December 20, 2001||February 28, 2002 - May 19, 2002||
|16||Ko Tarutao, Satun Province, Thailand||June 10, 2002 - July 18, 2002||September 19, 2002 - December 19, 2002||
|16||Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil||November 7, 2002 - December 15, 2002||February 13, 2003 - May 11, 2003||
|16||Isla del Rey, Pearl Islands, Panama||June 23, 2003 - July 31, 2003||September 18, 2003 - December 14, 2003||
|18||Pearl Islands, Panama||November 3, 2003 - December 11, 2003||February 1, 2004 - May 9, 2004||
|18||Efate, Shefa Province, Vanuatu||June 28, 2004 - August 5, 2004||September 16, 2004 - December 12, 2004||
|20||Koror, Palau||October 27, 2004 - December 4, 2004||February 17, 2005 - May 15, 2005||
|18||Laguna Yaxhá, Yaxhá-Nakúm-Naranjo National Park, Petén, Guatemala||June 27, 2005 - August 4, 2005||September 15, 2005 - December 11, 2005||
|16||Pearl Islands, Panama||October 31, 2005 - December 8, 2005||February 2, 2006 - May 14, 2006||
|20||Aitutaki, Cook Islands||June 26, 2006 - August 3, 2006||September 14, 2006 - December 17, 2006||
|19||Macuata, Vanua Levu, Fiji||October 30, 2006 - December 7, 2006||February 8, 2007 - May 13, 2007||
Hae Da Fung
|16||Zhelin Reservoir, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China||June 25, 2007 - August 2, 2007||September 20, 2007 - December 16, 2007||
|20||Koror, Palau||October 29, 2007 - December 6, 2007||February 7, 2008 - May 11, 2008||
|18||Wonga-Wongue Presidential Reserve, Estuaire Province, Gabon||June 23, 2008 - July 31, 2008||September 25, 2008 - December 14, 2008||
|16||Jalapão, Tocantins, Brazil||November 2, 2008 - December 10, 2008||February 12, 2009 - May 17, 2009||
|20||Upolu, Samoa||June 11, 2009 - July 19, 2009||September 17, 2009 - December 20, 2009||
Heroes vs. Villains
|20||August 9, 2009 - September 16, 2009||February 11, 2010 - May 16, 2010||
|20||San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua||June 14, 2010 - July 22, 2010||September 15, 2010 - December 19, 2010||
|18||August 16, 2010 - September 23, 2010||February 16, 2011 - May 15, 2011||
|18||Upolu, Samoa||May 30, 2011 - July 7, 2011||September 14, 2011 - December 18, 2011||
|18||August 1, 2011 - September 8, 2011||February 15, 2012 - May 13, 2012||
|18||Caramoan, Camarines Sur, Philippines||March 17, 2012 - April 25, 2012||September 19, 2012 - December 16, 2012||
|20||May 21, 2012 - June 28, 2012||February 13, 2013 - May 12, 2013||
Blood vs. Water
|20||Palaui Island, Santa Ana, Cagayan, Philippines||May 19, 2013 - June 27, 2013||September 18, 2013 - December 15, 2013||
|18||July 11, 2013 - August 18, 2013||February 26, 2014 - May 21, 2014|
San Juan del Sur
|18||San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua||June 2, 2014 - July 10, 2014||September 24, 2014 - December 17, 2014||
|18||August 4, 2014 - September 11, 2014||February 25, 2015 - May 20, 2015|
|20||Koh Rong, Cambodia||May 31, 2015 - July 8, 2015||September 23, 2015 - December 16, 2015||
|18||March 30, 2015 - May 7, 2015||February 17, 2016 - May 18, 2016|
Millennials vs. Gen X
|20||Mamanuca Islands, Fiji||April 4, 2016 - May 12, 2016||September 21, 2016 - December 14, 2016||
|20||June 6, 2016 - July 14, 2016||March 8, 2017 - May 24, 2017|
Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers
|18||April 3, 2017 - May 11, 2017||September 27, 2017 - December 20, 2017||
|20||June 5, 2017 - July 13, 2017||February 28, 2018 - May 23, 2018|
David vs. Goliath
|20||March 29, 2018 - May 6, 2018||September 26, 2018 - December 19, 2018||
Edge of Extinction
|18||May 31, 2018 - July 8, 2018||February 20, 2019 - May 15, 2019|
Island of the Idols
|20||March 21, 2019 - April 28, 2019||September 25, 2019 - December 18, 2019||
Winners at War
|20||May 22, 2019 - June 29, 2019||February 12, 2020 - May 13, 2020|
|TBA||18||April 15, 2021 - May 10, 2021||September 22, 2021 -||TBA|
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