Survivor: Africa is the third season of the reality TV show Survivor. Ethan Zohn was crowned the winner defeating Kim Johnson by a vote of 5-2.


The season was filmed in Kenya, where the contestants had to put up with extreme heat conditions and dangerous wildlife. Because there were man-killing animals in the area, the tribes lived in thorny enclosures like local tribal Kenyans do.

The series later returned to the African continent for its seventeenth season, which was filmed in Gabon.

Because of the September 11, 2001 attacks, this season's premiere was delayed. As a result, this became the first season to be aired over multiple calendar years.


  • Game Length: The game returned to the standard 39-day format.
  • Tribe Composition: The sixteen castaways were divided into two tribes of eight.
  • Tribe Switch: Three members from both tribes were selected to join the other tribe.
  • Merged Tribe Composition: The merged tribe was composed of ten members.
  • Final Tribal Council Format: Two finalists faced a jury of seven. The jurors individually addressed the finalists.


Contestant Tribe Affiliation Finish Votes
Original Tribe Switched Tribe Merged Tribe
S3 diane t Diane Ogden
42, Lincoln, NE
Mail Carrier
Boran 1st Voted Out
Day 3
S3 jessie t Jessie Camacho
26, Orlando, FL
Boran 2nd Voted Out
Day 6
S3 carl t Carl Bilancione
46, Winter Springs, FL
Samburu 3rd Voted Out
Day 9
S3 linda t Linda Spencer
44, Boston, MA
Career Counselor
Samburu 4th Voted Out
Day 12
S3 silas t Silas Gaither
23, Los Angeles, CA
Samburu Boran 5th Voted Out
Day 15
S3 lindsey t Lindsey Richter
26, Portland, OR
Advertising Executive
Samburu Samburu 6th Voted Out
Day 18
S3 clarence t Clarence Black
24, Detroit, MI
Basketball Coach
Boran Boran Moto Maji 7th Voted Out
Day 21
S3 kelly t Kelly Goldsmith
22, San Diego, CA
Behavior Analyst
Boran Samburu 8th Voted Out
1st Jury Member
Day 24
S3 brandon t Brandon Quinton
25, Dallas, TX
Samburu Samburu 9th Voted Out
2nd Jury Member
Day 27
S3 frank t Frank Garrison
43, Odessa, NY
Telephone Technician
Samburu Boran 10th Voted Out
3rd Jury Member
Day 30
S3 kimp t Kim Powers
29, Conshohocken, PA
Freelance Marketer
Samburu Samburu 11th Voted Out
4th Jury Member
Day 33
S3 teresa t Teresa Cooper
42, Jackson, GA
Flight Attendant
Samburu Boran 12th Voted Out
5th Jury Member
Day 36
S3 tom t Tom Buchanan
45, Rich Valley, VA
Goat Farmer
Boran Samburu 13th Voted Out
6th Jury Member
Day 37
S3 lex t Lex van den Berghe
38, Santa Cruz, CA
Marketing Manager
Boran Samburu 14th Voted Out
7th Jury Member
Day 38
S3 kimj t Kim Johnson
56, Oyster Bay, NY
Retired Teacher
Boran Boran Runner-Up 1
S3 ethan t Ethan Zohn
27, New York City, NY
Professional Soccer Player
Boran Boran Sole Survivor 0

Season Summary

Sixteen new castaways were marooned on the outskirts of the Shaba National Reserve, Kenya, Africa. The group was divided into two tribes named after two real-life Kenyan tribes, Samburu and Boran. During the first six days, Samburu dominated in challenges, while the depleted Boran lost two members. Despite their early winning streak, Samburu was divided into two existing voting alliances defined by age: the younger members and the older members. The younger Samburus gained power after a tiebreaker during their first Tribal Council.

On Day 13, host Jeff Probst announced that they would be switching tribes. When the new Boran lost the Immunity Challenge, the older ex-Samburu members voted out Silas Gaither. The new Samburu tribe lost the final pre-merge Immunity Challenge, and sent Silas' ally Lindsey home.

On Day 19, the two tribes merged to form the Moto Maji tribe. The former Samburu members entered into the merge in a precarious position being down 4 members to Boran's 6. However, Teresa Cooper hatched a plan to turn the former Boran members against each other by voting against Lex van den Berghe at Tribal Council. Angered by this mystery vote, Lex swore to track down whoever had cast the vote against him and promptly vote them out. He mistakenly suspected Kelly Goldsmith of treachery and swayed his alliance of Ethan Zohn, Kim Johnson, and Tom Buchanan to vote against her. In order to save herself, Kelly sided with the former Samburu members and voted against Lex, but Lex managed to convince Brandon Quinton to also vote against Kelly, thus eliminating her. Brandon's actions made both his old and new allies, minus Lex, lose trust in him, and the six other people banded together to vote him out. However, this put the former Samburu members in jeopardy, as they were subsequently picked off one-by-one by the original Borans.

Kim J. shocked everyone by winning the final two Immunity Challenges, causing the men to have to turn on each other. Tom, who had been conspiring to have others vote out Lex earlier, was voted out unanimously. At the final three Tribal Council, Kim J. voted out Lex and brought Ethan with her to the Final Two.

At the Final Tribal Council, Kim J. was met with mixed criticism from the jury. She was praised by the jury for lasting all 39 days, in spite of her age. However, she was perceived as riding the coattails of Ethan, Lex, and Tom for the entirety of the game. The jury voted 5-2 for Ethan to win due to his more active strategy and congenial personality and he was named the third Sole Survivor.

Episode Air Date Challenges Eliminated
Finish Viewers
(in millions)[2]
Reward Immunity
1 "Question of Trust" October 11, 2001 Samburu1 Diane
1st Voted Out
Day 3
23.84 10.4/23
2 "Who's Zooming Whom?" October 18, 2001 Samburu Samburu Jessie
2nd Voted Out
Day 6
19.59 7.9/20
3 "The Gods Are Angry" October 25, 2001 Boran Boran Carl
3rd Voted Out
Day 9
20.43 8.0/20
4 "The Young and Untrusted" November 1, 2001 Samburu Boran Linda
4th Voted Out
Day 12
18.73 7.8/18
5 "The Twist" November 8, 2001 Boran Samburu Silas
5th Voted Out
Day 15
20.55 8.3/20
6 "I'd Never Do It to You" November 15, 2001 Samburu Boran Lindsey
6th Voted Out
Day 18
19.71 8.1/21
7 "Will There Be a Feast Tonight?" November 22, 2001 None Teresa Clarence
7th Voted Out
Day 21
17.70 6.6/18
8 "The First 21 Days" November 29, 2001 Recap Episode N/A N/A
9 "Smoking Out the Snake" December 6, 2001 Ethan
Ethan Kelly
8th Voted Out
1st Jury Member
Day 24
19.28 7.9/21
10 "Dinner, Movie and a Betrayal" December 13, 2001 Brandon,
Lex Brandon
9th Voted Out
2nd Jury Member
Day 27
20.41 8.1/21
11 "We Are Family" December 20, 2001 Survivor
Lex Frank
10th Voted Out
3rd Jury Member
Day 30
19.60 7.7/22
12 "The Big Adventure" December 27, 2001 Lex
Tom Kim P.
11th Voted Out
4th Jury Member
Day 33
18.92 7.5/20
13 "Truth Be Told" January 3, 2002 Lex Lex Teresa
12th Voted Out
5th Jury Member
Day 36
21.31 8.7/20
14 "The Final Four: No Regrets" January 10, 2002 None Kim J. Tom
13th Voted Out
6th Jury Member
Day 37
27.26 11.3/25
Kim J. Lex
14th Voted Out
7th Jury Member
Day 38
Jury Vote Kim J.
Sole Survivor
15 "Reunion" 30.94 13.1/30

^1 Combined Reward and Immunity Challenge
^2 With a deadlock tie between Carl and Lindsey and no previous votes to take into account, a quiz trivia was held, eliminating Carl.
^3 With a deadlock tie between Lindsey and Tom, Lindsey's past votes were taken into account, eliminating her.

Voting History

Survivor: Africa Voting History
Original Tribes Switched Tribes Merged Tribe
Episode #: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14
Voted out: S3 diane t
S3 jessie t
Tie Deadlock S3 carl t
S3 linda t
S3 silas t
Tie Deadlock S3 lindsey t
S3 clarence t
S3 kelly t
S3 brandon t
S3 frank t
S3 kimp t
Kim P.
S3 teresa t
S3 tom t
S3 lex t
S3 kimj t
Kim J.
S3 ethan t
Vote: 6-2 5-2 4-41 3-32 Tiebreaker3 4-3 5-1 3-31 2-24 Past votes5 8-2 5-4 6-2 6-1 4-2 4-1 3-1 1-06 5-2
Ethan Diane Jessie Silas Clarence Kelly Brandon Frank Kim P. Teresa Tom None Jury Vote
Kim J. Diane Jessie Silas Clarence Kelly Brandon Frank Kim P. Teresa Tom Lex
Lex Diane Jessie Lindsey Lindsey Clarence Kelly Frank Frank Kim P. Teresa Tom None Ethan
Tom Clarence Clarence Lindsey None Clarence Kelly Brandon Frank Kim P. Teresa Lex Ethan
Teresa Lindsey Lindsey Silas Silas Lex Lex Brandon Frank Lex Tom Ethan
Kim P. Carl Carl Linda Tom Tom Clarence Lex Brandon Frank Lex Kim J.
Frank Lindsey Lindsey Silas Silas Clarence Lex Brandon Kim J. Ethan
Brandon Carl Carl Linda Tom Tom Clarence Kelly Frank Kim J.
Kelly Diane Jessie Lindsey Lindsey Clarence Lex Ethan
Clarence Diane Jessie Silas Lex
Lindsey Carl None Linda Tom None Voted out
Silas Carl Carl Linda Frank
Linda Lindsey Lindsey Silas
Carl Lindsey None Voted out
Jessie Diane Clarence
Diane Clarence A6a6a6 A6a6a6 A6a6a6 A6a6a6


^1 Tribal Council resulted in a tie. Per the rules, a second vote was held where the castaways involved in the tie would not vote and the remaining castaways could only vote for those involved in the tie.
^2 A deadlock tie occurred, but because it was the tribe's first Tribal Council, no previous votes may taken into account. With this, a nature quiz challenge was held between the tied players to determine the elimination.
^3 Carl lost the tiebreaker to Lindsey, eliminating him from the game.
^4 Per the rules at the time, in case of a deadlock tie, past votes were taken into account. The player with more past votes got eliminated.
^5 Lindsey had more past votes than Tom, eliminating her from the game.
^6 Ethan and Lex did not vote as they could only vote for were each other. By virtue of winning the final Immunity Challenge, only Kim J. voted.


  • This is the first season to feature multiple castaways with the same first name. There were two contestants named Kim: Kim Johnson and Kim Powers.
  • This is the first season in which the first two eliminated contestants are of the same gender.
  • This is the first season to be set in the African continent.
  • This is the only season to use the trivia quiz tiebreaker.
  • This season marks the first tribe switch
  • During the finale, after host Jeff Probst collected the final votes, the producers made it appear as if he returned to the original Tribal Council site to read them. After he read them and announced Ethan Zohn as the winner, it was revealed that the votes were actually read live on the CBS sound stage made to look like the site. This would be repeated two seasons later in Thailand.
  • This is the first season in which the winner was not decided by one vote.
  • The area that the contestants were living in was so dangerous (due to the constant threat of lions and other wild animals) that armed soldiers regularly patrolled the area around the campsites as a precaution.


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