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{{Twist
 
{{Twist
|image = [[File:45190 survivor allstars.jpg|250px]]The eighteen {{S2|8}} returnees.
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|image = 45190 survivor allstars.jpg
|description = A twist that former players are brought back to the game for another chance against new players or other returning players.
+
|description = Former castaways compete for another shot at winning the title of [[Sole Survivor]].
|seasonsappeared = {{S2|8}}<br />{{S2|11}}<br />{{S2|16}}<br />{{S2|20}}<br />{{S2|22}}<br />{{S2|23}}<br />{{S2|25}}<br />{{S2|26}}<br />{{S2|27}}<br />{{S2|31}}
+
|seasonsappeared = {{S2|8}}<br />{{S2|11}}<br />{{S2|16}}<br />{{S2|20}}<br />{{S2|22}}<br />{{S2|23}}<br />{{S2|25}}<br />{{S2|26}}<br />{{S2|27}}<br />{{S2|31}}<br />{{S2|34}}<br />{{S2|38}}<br />{{S2|40}}
}}
+
}}'''Returning Player''' seasons offer the opportunity to former contestants to play the game of ''Survivor'' again.
'''Returning Players''' in ''[[Survivor (U.S.)|Survivor]]'' offers the opportunity for former contestants to return for another shot at becoming the [[Sole Survivor]].
 
   
 
==Origins==
 
==Origins==
 
The idea of former players returning originally occurred in {{S|8}}. Executive Producer [[Mark Burnett]] wanted to showcase "The best of the best" after the ratings increase of {{S|7}}. During pre-production for ''All-Stars'', Burnett wrote down the series' most likable, villainous, and memorable players on a legal pad and shortlisted eighteen names within minutes.
 
The idea of former players returning originally occurred in {{S|8}}. Executive Producer [[Mark Burnett]] wanted to showcase "The best of the best" after the ratings increase of {{S|7}}. During pre-production for ''All-Stars'', Burnett wrote down the series' most likable, villainous, and memorable players on a legal pad and shortlisted eighteen names within minutes.
 
+
 
===All-Stars===
 
===All-Stars===
All-Stars seasons feature a cast comprised entirely of returning players. The eponymous season, {{S4|8}}, saw 18 returnees divided into three competing tribes. [[Amber Brkich]] ultimately won the season against [[Rob Mariano]]. The All-Stars twist was revived for the ten-year anniversary season, {{S4|20}}. This season divided the returnees based on the heroic or villainous reputations. [[Sandra Diaz-Twine]] became the first two-time winner of ''[[Survivor (U.S.)|Survivor]]'', beating [[Parvati Shallow]] and [[Russell Hantz]].
+
"All-Stars" seasons feature casts comprised entirely of returning players. The eponymous season, {{S2|8}}, saw 18 returnees divided into three competing tribes.
   
Although proving to be a success for fans of the show, some critics argued that the survival aspects were completely removed in favor of strategy and exuberant challenges. Fans also responded negatively to players that, according to popular opinion, had little to no impact on their original season. Notable casting controversies include Amber Brkich in ''All-Stars'' (who had been a backup to [[Elisabeth Filarski]] and [[Colleen Haskell]]), [[Candice Woodcock]] in ''Heroes vs. Villains'' (whose {{dab-twist|mutiny}} was seen as more villainous than heroic, if either at all), and [[Francesca Hogi]] in {{S4|26}} (who had been the first one eliminated from her previous season and ended up being voted out first again).
+
The All-Stars twist was revived for the ten-year anniversary season, {{S|20}}. This season divided the returnees based on their heroic or villainous reputations.
   
===Fans vs. Favorites===
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{{S|31}} featured a "Second Chance" theme, consisting of contestants who played only once and lost; and its cast was entirely chosen by viewers through an online poll.
Although initially intending to produce a second all-stars season, Burnett pushed for ''Survivor'' to experiment with different twists in their 16th season. The result was the Fans vs. Favorites twist that saw a tribe of ten returning players pitted against a tribe of ten "die-hard" fans of the show. Both iterations of this twist have seen the [[Malakal|favorites]] [[Bikal|tribe]] comprised solely of contestants who had only played once previously and who did not win.
 
   
The first installment, {{S|16}}, became one of the series' most popular installments. Returning player [[Parvati Shallow]] beat out fellow favorite [[Amanda Kimmel]] in a 5-3 vote.
+
{{S|34}} featured former contestants who contributed to the evolution of ''Survivor'' strategy and gameplay.
   
The twist was brought back ten seasons later for {{S|26}}. Returning player [[John Cochran]] beat out fellow favorite [[Dawn Meehan]] and fan [[Sherri Biethman]] in a unanimous 8-0-0 vote.
+
{{S|40}}, the twenty-year anniversary season, consisted of former [[Sole Survivor]]s returning to try and win for their second ([[Sandra Diaz-Twine|or third]]) time.
  +
  +
===Fans vs. Favorites===
  +
Although initially intending to produce a second all-stars season, Burnett pushed for ''Survivor'' to experiment with different twists in their 16th season. The result was the "Fans vs. Favorites" twist that saw a tribe of ten returning players pitted against a tribe of ten "superfans". {{S|16}} and {{S|26}} both utilized this format.
   
 
===One Returnee per Tribe===
 
===One Returnee per Tribe===
The One Returnee per Tribe twist sees two to three returning players competing against new castaways, with one returnee placed on each of the competing tribes. In all seasons featuring this twist, a returning player has made it to the [[Final Tribal Council]].
+
This format features two to three former castaways, each being assigned to a tribe of new players. {{S|11}}, {{S|22}}, {{S|23}}, and {{S|25}} followed this format.
   
The twist was first introduced in {{S|11}}. Two former castaways from {{S|10}}, [[Bobby Jon Drinkard]] and [[Stephenie LaGrossa]], returned for a shot at redemption after being the final two members of the infamous [[Ulong]] tribe. New contestant [[Danni Boatwright]] won the season against Stephenie.
+
{{S|38}} expanded on this format, bringing back four former castaways and assigning two to each tribe of new players.
   
The {{dab-twist|Redemption Island}} twist saw the resurrection of this method for introducing returnees. In {{S|22}}, [[Rob Mariano]] and [[Russell Hantz]] were brought back to settle their rivalry from {{S|20}}. Russell was targeted early when [[Zapatera|his tribe]] threw a challenge to vote him out. Meanwhile, Rob won the game against fellow [[Ometepe]] tribemates [[Phillip Sheppard]] and [[Natalie Tenerelli]].
+
===Blood vs. Water===
+
Another type of "Returnees vs. New Players" format is the couples format, where returnees would compete against people they personally know. It was first used in {{S|27}}, where ten returning castaways would compete against their loved ones, similar to the "Fans vs. Favorites" format. However, each castaway would compete individually, so a castaway would still be in the game even after their partner was voted out. The twist would play its part when a castaway could opt to replace their partner on {{dab|Redemption Island|twist}} before a [[duel]] took place, thus allowing their partner to take their place on their tribe. While the {{dab|Blood vs. Water|twist}} twist would return in {{S|29}}, it was done with all new players and no Redemption Island.
The Redemption Island format was revisited in {{S|23}}, with [[Coach Wade]] and [[Ozzy Lusth]] returning to improve on their weak social games. This was the first time the two returning players had not previously competed on the same season. New contestant [[Sophie Clarke]] claimed the prize, beating Coach and [[Albert Destrade]].
 
 
{{S|25}} introduced three previous contestants, [[Russell Swan]], [[Michael Skupin]], and [[Jonathan Penner]], all of whom were [[Evacuation|evacuated]] due to medical reasons. This is the only iteration of the One Returnee per Tribe twist to bring back more than two returning players. New contestant [[Denise Stapley]] won the game against [[Lisa Whelchel]] and Skupin.
 
 
===Couples===
 
Another type of Returnees vs. New Players format is the couples format, where returnees would compete against people they personally know. It was first used in {{S|27}}, where ten returning castaways would compete against their loved ones. However, each castaway would compete individually, so a castaway would still be in the game even after their partner was voted out. The twist would play its part when a castaway can opt to replace their partner who is currently on Redemption Island before a [[duel]] takes place, thus allowing their partner to take their place in the tribe.
 
 
===Second Chance===
 
The most recent type of returning player season is {{S|31}} in which the public had the opportunity to vote for 20 of 32 certain contestants to return and have another shot. These players each have only played once and have never won, while also originating from multiple seasons, all the way from season 1 to 30. These players can also be runner-ups, [[jury]] members, or even pre-[[merge]] boots.
 
 
==Success in the Game==
 
It should be noted that during every season thus far that has featured returning players competing against new players, at least one returning player has made it to the [[Final Two]]/[[Final Three|Three]] in those seasons. These players include [[Stephenie LaGrossa]] ({{S4|11}}), [[Amanda Kimmel]] ({{S4|16}}), [[Parvati Shallow]] (''Micronesia''), [[Rob Mariano]] ({{S4|22}}), [[Coach Wade]] ({{S4|23}}), [[Michael Skupin]] ({{S4|25}}), [[John Cochran]] ({{S4|26}}), [[Dawn Meehan]] (''Caramoan''), [[Gervase Peterson]] ({{S4|27}}), [[Monica Culpepper]] (''Blood vs. Water''), and [[Tyson Apostol]] (''Blood vs. Water'').
 
   
 
==Returning Players by Season==
 
==Returning Players by Season==
{| style="margin:auto; text-align:center; font-size: 8pt;" class="wikitable"
+
{|class="wikitable" style="margin:auto; text-align:center; font-size: 8pt;"
 
! Season
 
! Season
 
! Returned to Future Season
 
! Returned to Future Season
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|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:Borneo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Borneo]]
 
| [[File:Borneo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Borneo]]
|[[File:S1 gervase t.jpg|60px|link=Gervase Peterson]][[File:S1 jenna t.jpg|60px|link=Jenna Lewis]][[File:S1 kelly t.jpg|60px|link=Kelly Wiglesworth]]<br />[[File:S1 richard t.jpg|60px|link=Richard Hatch]][[File:S1 rudy t.jpg|60px|link=Rudy Boesch]][[File:S1 susan t.jpg|60px|link=Susan Hawk]]
+
| [[File:S1 gervase t.png|60px|link=Gervase Peterson]][[File:S1 jenna t.png|60px|link=Jenna Lewis]][[File:S1 kelly t.png|60px|link=Kelly Wiglesworth]]<br />[[File:S1 richard t.png|60px|link=Richard Hatch]][[File:S1 rudy t.png|60px|link=Rudy Boesch]][[File:S1 susan t.png|60px|link=Susan Hawk]]
 
| [[File:SurvivorAustraliaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: The Australian Outback]]
 
| [[File:SurvivorAustraliaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: The Australian Outback]]
|[[File:S2 alicia t.jpg|60px|link=Alicia Calaway]][[File:S2 amber t.jpg|60px|link=Amber Mariano]][[File:S2 colby t.jpg|60px|link=Colby Donaldson]]<br />[[File:S2 jeff t.jpg|60px|link=Jeff Varner]][[File:S2 jerri t.jpg|60px|link=Jerri Manthey]]<br />[[File:S2 kimmi t.jpg|60px|link=Kimmi Kappenberg]][[File:S2 michael t.jpg|60px|link=Michael Skupin]][[File:S2 tina t.jpg|60px|link=Tina Wesson]]
+
| [[File:S2 alicia t.png|60px|link=Alicia Calaway]][[File:S2 amber t.png|60px|link=Amber Brkich]][[File:S2 colby t.png|60px|link=Colby Donaldson]][[File:S2 jeff t.png|60px|link=Jeff Varner]]<br />[[File:S2 jerri t.png|60px|link=Jerri Manthey]][[File:S2 kimmi t.png|60px|link=Kimmi Kappenberg]][[File:S2 michael t.png|60px|link=Michael Skupin]][[File:S2 tina t.png|60px|link=Tina Wesson]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:Africa NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: Africa]]
 
| [[File:Africa NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: Africa]]
|[[File:S3 ethan t.jpg|60px|link=Ethan Zohn]][[File:S3 lex t.jpg|60px|link=Lex van den Berghe]][[File:S3 tom t.jpg|60px|link=Tom Buchanan]]
+
| [[File:S3 ethan t.png|60px|link=Ethan Zohn]][[File:S3 lex t.png|60px|link=Lex van den Berghe]][[File:S3 tom t.png|60px|link=Tom Buchanan]]
 
| [[File:Marquesas NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: Marquesas]]
 
| [[File:Marquesas NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: Marquesas]]
|[[File:S4 kathy t.jpg|60px|link=Kathy Vavrick-O'Brien]][[File:S4 rob t.jpg|60px|link=Rob Mariano]]
+
| [[File:S4 kathy t.png|60px|link=Kathy Vavrick-O'Brien]][[File:S4 rob t.png|60px|link=Rob Mariano]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:ThailandTransparentLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Thailand]]
 
| [[File:ThailandTransparentLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Thailand]]
|[[File:S5 shiiann t.jpg|60px|link=Shii Ann Huang]]
+
| [[File:S5 shiiann t.png|60px|link=Shii Ann Huang]]
 
| [[File:Amazon NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: The Amazon]]
 
| [[File:Amazon NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: The Amazon]]
|[[File:S6 jenna t.jpg|60px|link=Jenna Morasca]][[File:S6 rob t.jpg|60px|link=Rob Cesternino]]
+
| [[File:S6 jenna t.png|60px|link=Jenna Morasca]][[File:S6 rob t.png|60px|link=Rob Cesternino]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:SurvivorPearlIslandsLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Pearl Islands]]
 
| [[File:SurvivorPearlIslandsLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Pearl Islands]]
|[[File:S7 andrew t.jpg|60px|link=Andrew Savage]][[File:S7 jon t.jpg|60px|link=Jon Dalton]]<br />[[File:S7 rupert t.jpg|60px|link=Rupert Boneham]][[File:S7 sandra t.jpg|60px|link=Sandra Diaz-Twine]]
+
| [[File:S7 andrew t.png|60px|link=Andrew Savage]][[File:S7 jon t.png|60px|link=Jon Dalton]][[File:S7 rupert t.png|60px|link=Rupert Boneham]][[File:S7 sandra t.png|60px|link=Sandra Diaz-Twine]]
 
| [[File:SurvivorAllStarsLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: All-Stars]]
 
| [[File:SurvivorAllStarsLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: All-Stars]]
|[[File:S8 colby t.jpg|60px|link=Colby Donaldson]][[File:S8 jerri t.jpg|60px|link=Jerri Manthey]]<br />[[File:S8 robm t.jpg|60px|link=Rob Mariano]][[File:S8 rupert t.jpg|60px|link=Rupert Boneham]][[File:S8 tina t.jpg|60px|link=Tina Wesson]]
+
| [[File:S8 amber t.png|60px|link=Amber Brkich]][[File:S8 colby t.png|60px|link=Colby Donaldson]][[File:S8 ethan t.png|60px|link=Ethan Zohn]]<br />[[File:S8 jerri t.png|60px|link=Jerri Manthey]][[File:S8 robm t.png|60px|link=Rob Mariano]][[File:S8 rupert t.png|60px|link=Rupert Boneham]][[File:S8 tina t.png|60px|link=Tina Wesson]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:Vanuatu NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: Vanuatu]]
 
| [[File:Vanuatu NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: Vanuatu]]
|[[File:S9 ami t.jpg|60px|link=Ami Cusack]][[File:S9 eliza t.jpg|60px|link=Eliza Orlins]]
+
| [[File:S9 ami t.png|60px|link=Ami Cusack]][[image:S9 eliza t.png|60px|link=Eliza Orlins]]
 
| [[File:Palau NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: Palau]]
 
| [[File:Palau NB.png|100px|link=Survivor: Palau]]
|[[File:S10 bobbyjon t.jpg|60px|link=Bobby Jon Drinkard]][[File:S10 stephenie t.jpg|60px|link=Stephenie LaGrossa]][[File:S10 tom t.jpg|60px|link=Tom Westman]]
+
| [[File:S10 bobbyjon t.png|60px|link=Bobby Jon Drinkard]][[File:S10 stephenie t.png|60px|link=Stephenie LaGrossa]][[File:S10 tom t.png|60px|link=Tom Westman]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:GuatemalaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Guatemala]]
 
| [[File:GuatemalaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Guatemala]]
|[[File:S11 stephenie t.jpg|60px|link=Stephenie LaGrossa]]
+
| [[File:S11 danni t.png|60px|link=Danni Boatwright]][[File:S11 stephenie t.png|60px|link=Stephenie LaGrossa]]
 
| [[File:PanamaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Panama]]
 
| [[File:PanamaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Panama]]
|[[File:S12 aras t.jpg|60px|link=Aras Baskauskas]][[File:S12 cirie t.jpg|60px|link=Cirie Fields]]<br />[[File:S12 danielle t.jpg|60px|link=Danielle DiLorenzo]][[File:S12 terry t.jpg|60px|link=Terry Deitz]]
+
| [[File:S12 aras t.png|60px|link=Aras Baskauskas]][[File:S12 cirie t.png|60px|link=Cirie Fields]][[File:S12 danielle t.png|60px|link=Danielle DiLorenzo]][[File:S12 terry t.png|60px|link=Terry Deitz]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:SurvivorCookIslandsLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Cook Islands]]
 
| [[File:SurvivorCookIslandsLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Cook Islands]]
|[[File:S13 candice t.jpg|60px|link=Candice Woodcock]][[File:S13 jonathan t.jpg|60px|link=Jonathan Penner]]<br />[[File:S13 ozzy t.jpg|60px|link=Ozzy Lusth]][[File:S13 parvati t.jpg|60px|link=Parvati Shallow]]
+
| [[File:S13 candice t.png|60px|link=Candice Cody]][[File:S13 jonathan t.png|60px|link=Jonathan Penner]]<br />[[File:S13 ozzy t.png|60px|link=Ozzy Lusth]][[File:S13 parvati t.png|60px|link=Parvati Shallow]][[File:S13 yul t.png|60px|link=Yul Kwon]]
 
| [[File:SurvivorFijiLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Fiji]]
 
| [[File:SurvivorFijiLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Fiji]]
|[[File:S14 yauman t.jpg|60px|link=Yau-Man Chan]]
+
| [[File:S14 yauman t.png|60px|link=Yau-Man Chan]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:ChinaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: China]]
 
| [[File:ChinaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: China]]
|[[File:S15 amanda t.jpg|60px|link=Amanda Kimmel]][[File:S15 courtney t.jpg|60px|link=Courtney Yates]]<br />[[File:S15 james t.jpg|60px|link=James Clement]][[File:S15 peihgee t.jpg|60px|link=Peih-Gee Law]]
+
| [[File:S15 amanda t.png|60px|link=Amanda Kimmel]][[File:S15 courtney t.png|60px|link=Courtney Yates]][[File:S15 james t.png|60px|link=James Clement]][[File:S15 peihgee t.png|60px|link=Peih-Gee Law]]
 
| [[File:MicronesiaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Micronesia]]
 
| [[File:MicronesiaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Micronesia]]
|[[File:S16 amanda t.jpg|60px|link=Amanda Kimmel]][[File:S16 cirie t.jpg|60px|link=Cirie Fields]]<br />[[File:S16 erik t.jpg|60px|link=Erik Reichenbach]][[File:S16 james t.jpg|60px|link=James Clement]][[File:S16 jonathan t.jpg|60px|link=Jonathan Penner]]<br />[[File:S16 ozzy t.jpg|60px|link=Ozzy Lusth]][[File:S16 parvati t.jpg|60px|link=Parvati Shallow]]
+
| [[File:S16 amanda t.png|60px|link=Amanda Kimmel]][[File:S16 cirie t.png|60px|link=Cirie Fields]][[File:S16 erik t.png|60px|link=Erik Reichenbach]]<br />[[File:S16 james t.png|60px|link=James Clement]][[File:S16 jonathan t.png|60px|link=Jonathan Penner]][[File:S16 ozzy t.png|60px|link=Ozzy Lusth]][[File:S16 parvati t.png|60px|link=Parvati Shallow]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:GabonLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Gabon]]
 
| [[File:GabonLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Gabon]]
|[[File:S17 corinne t.jpg|60px|link=Corinne Kaplan]][[File:S17 randy t.jpg|60px|link=Randy Bailey]][[File:S17 sugar t.jpg|60px|link=Sugar Kiper]]
+
| [[File:S17 corinne t.png|60px|link=Corinne Kaplan]][[File:S17 randy t.png|60px|link=Randy Bailey]][[File:S17 sugar t.png|60px|link=Sugar Kiper]]
 
| [[File:TocantinsLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Tocantins]]
 
| [[File:TocantinsLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Tocantins]]
|[[File:S18 coach t.jpg|60px|link=Coach Wade]][[File:S18 jt t.jpg|60px|link=J.T. Thomas]]<br />[[File:S18 stephen t.jpg|60px|link=Stephen Fishbach]][[File:S18 tyson t.jpg|60px|link=Tyson Apostol]]
+
| [[File:S18 coach t.png|60px|link=Coach Wade]][[File:S18 jt t.png|60px|link=J.T. Thomas]][[File:S18 stephen t.png|60px|link=Stephen Fishbach]][[File:S18 tyson t.png|60px|link=Tyson Apostol]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:SamoaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Samoa]]
 
| [[File:SamoaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Samoa]]
|[[File:S19 laura t.jpg|60px|link=Laura Morett]][[File:S19 monica t.jpg|60px|link=Monica Padilla]]<br />[[File:S19 russellh t.jpg|60px|link=Russell Hantz]][[File:S19 russells t.jpg|60px|link=Russell Swan]]
+
| [[File:S19 laura t.png|60px|link=Laura Morett]][[File:S19 monica t.png|60px|link=Monica Padilla]][[File:S19 russellh t.png|60px|link=Russell Hantz]][[File:S19 russells t.png|60px|link=Russell Swan]]
 
| [[File:HvVLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains]]
 
| [[File:HvVLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains]]
|[[File:S20 candice t.jpg|60px|link=Candice Woodcock]][[File:S20 coach t.jpg|60px|link=Coach Wade]][[File:S20 rob t.jpg|60px|link=Rob Mariano]]<br />[[File:S20 rupert t.jpg|60px|link=Rupert Boneham]][[File:S20 russell t.jpg|60px|link=Russell Hantz]][[File:S20 tyson t.jpg|60px|link=Tyson Apostol]]
+
| [[File:S20 candice t.png|60px|link=Candice Cody]][[File:S20 cirie t.png|60px|link=Cirie Fields]][[File:S20 coach t.png|60px|link=Coach Wade]]<br />[[File:S20 jt t.png|60px|link=J.T. Thomas]][[File:S20 parvati t.png|60px|link=Parvati Shallow]][[File:S20 rob t.png|60px|link=Rob Mariano]][[File:S20 rupert t.png|60px|link=Rupert Boneham]]<br />[[File:S20 russell t.png|60px|link=Russell Hantz]][[File:S20 sandra t.png|60px|link=Sandra Diaz-Twine]][[File:S20 tyson t.png|60px|link=Tyson Apostol]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:NicaraguaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Nicaragua]]
 
| [[File:NicaraguaLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Nicaragua]]
|[[File:S21 brenda t.jpg|60px|link=Brenda Lowe]]
+
| [[File:S21 brenda t.png|60px|link=Brenda Lowe]]
 
| [[File:RedemptionIslandLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Redemption Island]]
 
| [[File:RedemptionIslandLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Redemption Island]]
|[[File:S22 andrea t.jpg|60px|link=Andrea Boehlke]][[File:S22 francesca t.jpg|60px|link=Francesca Hogi]][[File:S22 phillip t.jpg|60px|link=Phillip Sheppard]]
+
| [[File:S22 andrea t.png|60px|link=Andrea Boehlke]][[File:S22 francesca t.png|60px|link=Francesca Hogi]][[File:S22 phillip t.png|60px|link=Phillip Sheppard]][[File:S22 rob t.png|60px|link=Rob Mariano]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:SouthPacificLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: South Pacific]]
 
| [[File:SouthPacificLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: South Pacific]]
|[[File:S23 brandon t.jpg|60px|link=Brandon Hantz]][[File:S23 cochran t.jpg|60px|link=John Cochran]][[image:S23 dawn t.jpg|60px|link=Dawn Meehan]]
+
| [[File:S23 brandon t.png|60px|link=Brandon Hantz]][[File:S23 cochran t.png|60px|link=John Cochran]]<br />[[File:S23 dawn t.png|60px|link=Dawn Meehan]][[File:S23 ozzy t.png|60px|link=Ozzy Lusth]][[File:S23 sophie t.png|60px|link=Sophie Clarke]]
 
| [[File:OneWorldLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: One World]]
 
| [[File:OneWorldLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: One World]]
|[[File:S24 colton t.jpg|60px|link=Colton Cumbie]][[File:S24 kat t.jpg|60px|link=Kat Edorsson]][[File:S24 monica t.jpg|60px|link=Monica Culpepper]]
+
| [[File:S24 colton t.png|60px|link=Colton Cumbie]][[File:S24 kat t.png|60px|link=Kat Edorsson]]<br />[[File:S24 kim t.png|60px|link=Kim Spradlin]][[File:S24 monica t.png|60px|link=Monica Culpepper]][[File:S24 troyzan t.png|60px|link=Troyzan Robertson]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:PhilippinesLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Philippines]]
 
| [[File:PhilippinesLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Philippines]]
| [[File:S25 abimaria t.jpg|60px|link=Abi-Maria Gomes]][[File:S25 malcolm t.jpg|60px|link=Malcolm Freberg]]
+
| [[File:S25 abimaria t.png|60px|link=Abi-Maria Gomes]][[File:S25 denise t.png|60px|link=Denise Stapley]][[File:S25 malcolm t.png|60px|link=Malcolm Freberg]]
 
| [[File:CaramoanLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Caramoan]]
 
| [[File:CaramoanLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Caramoan]]
| ''None''
+
| [[File:S26 andrea t.png|60px|link=Andrea Boehlke]][[File:S26 malcolm t.png|60px|link=Malcolm Freberg]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:BvWLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Blood vs. Water]]
 
| [[File:BvWLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Blood vs. Water]]
| [[File:S27 ciera t.jpg|60px|link=Ciera Eastin]][[File:S27 vytas t.jpg|60px|link=Vytas Baskauskas]]
+
| [[File:S27 brad t.png|60px|link=Brad Culpepper]][[File:S27 ciera t.png|60px|link=Ciera Eastin]][[File:S27 tyson t.png|60px|link=Tyson Apostol]][[File:S27 vytas t.png|60px|link=Vytas Baskauskas]]
 
| [[File:CagayanLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Cagayan]]
 
| [[File:CagayanLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Cagayan]]
| [[File:S28 kass c.png|60px|link=Kass McQuillen]][[File:S28 spencer c.png|60px|link=Spencer Bledsoe]]<br />[[File:S28 tasha c.png|60px|link=Tasha Fox]][[File:S28 woo c.png|60px|link=Woo Hwang]]
+
| [[File:S28 kass t.png|60px|link=Kass McQuillen]][[File:S28 sarah t.png|60px|link=Sarah Lacina]][[File:S28 spencer t.png|60px|link=Spencer Bledsoe]]<br />[[File:S28 tasha t.png|60px|link=Tasha Fox]][[File:S28 tony t.png|60px|link=Tony Vlachos]][[File:S28 woo t.png|60px|link=Woo Hwang]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:SJDSLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: San Juan del Sur]]
 
| [[File:SJDSLogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: San Juan del Sur]]
| [[File:S29 jeremy t.png|60px|link=Jeremy Collins]][[File:S29 keith t.png|60px|link=Keith Nale]][[File:S29 kelley t.png|60px|link=Kelley Wentworth]]
+
| [[File:S29 jeremy t.png|60px|link=Jeremy Collins]][[File:S29 keith t.png|60px|link=Keith Nale]][[File:S29 kelley t.png|60px|link=Kelley Wentworth]][[File:S29 natalie t.png|60px|link=Natalie Anderson]]
 
| [[File:WALogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Worlds Apart]]
 
| [[File:WALogo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Worlds Apart]]
| [[File:S30 joe t.png|60px|link=Joe Anglim]][[File:S30 shirin t.png|60px|link=Shirin Oskooi]]
+
| [[File:S30 hali t.png|60px|link=Hali Ford]][[File:S30 joe t.png|60px|link=Joe Anglim]][[File:S30 shirin t.png|60px|link=Shirin Oskooi]][[File:S30 sierra t.png|60px|link=Sierra Dawn Thomas]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:Survivor31logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Cambodia]]
 
| [[File:Survivor31logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Cambodia]]
| ''None''
+
| [[File:S31 ciera t.png|60px|link=Ciera Eastin]][[File:s31 jeff t.png|60px|link=Jeff Varner]]<br />[[File:S31 jeremy t.png|60px|link=Jeremy Collins]][[File:S31 joe t.png|60px|link=Joe Anglim]][[File:S31 kelley t.png|60px|link=Kelley Wentworth]]
 
| [[File:Survivor kaoh rong logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Kaôh Rōng]]
 
| [[File:Survivor kaoh rong logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Kaôh Rōng]]
| ''None''
+
| [[File:S32 aubry t.png|60px|link=Aubry Bracco]][[File:S32 caleb t.png|60px|link=Caleb Reynolds]]<br />[[File:S32 debbie t.png|60px|link=Debbie Wanner]][[File:S32 michele t.png|60px|link=Michele Fitzgerald]][[File:S32 tai t.png|60px|link=Tai Trang]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[File:Survivor 33 Logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X]]
 
| [[File:Survivor 33 Logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X]]
| ''Currently Airing''
+
| [[File:S33 adam t.png|60px|link=Adam Klein]][[File:S33 david t.png|60px|link=David Wright]][[File:S33 michaela t.png|60px|link=Michaela Bradshaw]][[File:Zeke Smith t.png|60px|link=Zeke Smith]]
  +
| [[File:Survivor 34 Logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Game Changers]]
  +
| [[File:S34 aubry t.png|60px|link=Aubry Bracco]][[File:S34 sandra t.png|60px|link=Sandra Diaz-Twine]][[File:S34 sarah t.png|60px|link=Sarah Lacina]][[File:S34 tony t.png|60px|link=Tony Vlachos]]
  +
|-
  +
| [[File:Survivor 35 Logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers]]
  +
| [[File:S35 ben t.png|60px|link=Ben Driebergen]]
  +
| [[File:Survivor 36 Logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Ghost Island]]
  +
| [[File:S36 wendell t.png|60px|link=Wendell Holland]]
  +
|-
  +
| [[File:Survivor 37 Logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: David vs. Goliath]]
  +
| [[File:S37 nick t.png|60px|link=Nick Wilson]]
  +
| [[File:Survivor 38 Logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Edge of Extinction]]
  +
| ''None''
  +
|-
  +
| [[File:Survivor Island of the Idols logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Island of the Idols]]
  +
| ''None''
  +
| [[File:Winners at War Logo.png|100px|link=Survivor: Winners at War]]
  +
| ''Most recent season''
 
|}
 
|}
   
 
==Trivia==
 
==Trivia==
* Of the 79 returnees: 63 have played twice, 14 have played three times, and 2 have played four times.
+
*  Of the 103 returnees: 73 have competed twice, 23 have competed three times, 6 have competed four times, and 1 has competed five times.
* [[Rob Mariano]] and [[Rupert Boneham]] are the only contestants to play four times.
+
* [[Jenna Morasca]], [[Michael Skupin]], [[Colton Cumbie]], and [[Michele Fitzgerald]] are the only returning players to never be voted out.
** On their fourth attempts, Rob was the [[Sole Survivor]], while Rupert was the first to be eliminated. Both of these fourth attempts featured both new and returning players, and also had {{dab-twist|Redemption Island}} in play.
+
** Out of these four, Michele is the only one to have reached the [[Final Tribal Council]] every time she competed.
* [[Sandra Diaz-Twine]], [[Jenna Morasca]], [[Michael Skupin]], and [[Colton Cumbie]] are the only returning players to never be voted out.
+
** [[Amanda Kimmel]], [[Russell Hantz]], and [[Sandra Diaz-Twine]] each played their first two seasons without being voted out, but were each voted out in their [[Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains|third]] [[Survivor: Redemption Island|sea]][[Survivor: Game Changers|son]].
** However, Sandra is currently the only returning player to never be eliminated prior to the [[Final Tribal Council]]. Jenna made the finals once and [[quit]] once, Michael made the finals once and was [[Evacuation|medically evacuated]] once, and Colton was medically evacuated once and quit once.
+
* [[Amber Mariano]] and [[Ethan Zohn]] currently hold the record for the longest period between appearances on ''{{dab|Survivor|U.S.}}'', with 32 seasons.
* {{S|2}} currently has the most returning castaways, with eight.
+
** In addition, Amber holds the record for the longest period between their original and most recent appearance, with 38 seasons.
** The eight returnees from ''The Australian Outback'' have returned eleven times total, the most of any season.
+
* [[Erik Reichenbach]] was the only player who debuted in {{S|16}} to return for another season.
+
===Seasons and Twists===
* {{S|26}}, {{S|31}}, {{S|32}}, and {{S|33}} have had no players return.
+
* {{S|20}} currently has the most castaways return in future seasons, with ten.
** In addition, no players that debuted in {{S|11}} have returned. The only returnee from ''Guatemala'', [[Stephenie LaGrossa]], was a returnee herself on that season.
+
* {{S|2}} has the most first-time castaways return in future seasons, with eight.
* [[Richard Hatch|The]] [[Kelly Wiglesworth|fin]][[Rudy Boesch|al]] [[Susan Hawk|four]] of {{S|1}} and [[Aras Baskauskas|the]] [[Danielle DiLorenzo|fin]][[Terry Deitz|al]] [[Cirie Fields|four]] of {{S|12}} have all been returning players.
+
** ''The Australian Outback'' has also introduced the highest number of eventual three-time players, with five.
* All the returnees from {{S|13}} have participated in the game three times, and it is the season to have introduced the highest number of three-time players, with four.
+
* Contestants from ''The Australian Outback'' and contestants from ''Heroes vs. Villains ''have returned a combined thirteen times for subsequent seasons, the most among contestants from other seasons.
* Prior to {{S|25}}, no contestant to place lower than 10th had returned. ''Philippines'' broke this pattern by returning [[Michael Skupin]] (11th) from {{S4|2}} and [[Russell Swan]] (14th) from {{S4|19}}.
+
* Three seasons have their final four return in future seasons: {{S|1}}, {{S|12}}, and {{S|28}}.
* [[Kelly Wiglesworth]] currently holds the record for the longest period between appearances on ''[[Survivor (U.S.)|Survivor]]'', with 30 seasons.
+
* All four returning players from {{S|18}} ([[J.T. Thomas|J.T.]], [[Stephen Fishbach|Stephen]], [[Coach Wade|Coach]], and [[Tyson Apostol|Tyson]]) have reached the Final Tribal Council on one of their ''Survivor'' appearances.
** [[Jeff Varner]] and Kimmi Kappenberg have the second highest record, with 29 seasons between appearances.
+
* Throughout his ''Survivor'' career, [[Ozzy Lusth]] is the only person to compete in all four different types of seasons: [[Survivor: Cook Islands|an all-new players season]], [[Survivor: Micronesia|a season consisting of half new players and half returnees]], [[Survivor: South Pacific|a one or two returnee per tribe season]], and [[Survivor: Game Changers|an all-returnees season]]. Ozzy has also been to both {{dab|Exile Island|twist}} and {{dab|Redemption Island|twist}}.
** [[Gervase Peterson]] held the record before Kelly, with 26 seasons between appearances.
+
** [[Aras Baskauskas]] and [[Candice Cody]] are the other two contestants who have been to both islands.
* In all three seasons where the tribes were divided as new players against returning players:
+
** Of the three, Ozzy is the only person to return from Redemption Island (doing it twice in {{S|23}}).
** A [[Tribe Switch|tribe switch]] occurred, mixing the tribes between new and returning players.
+
** [[Tyson Apostol]] is the only castaway to have played in seasons featuring Exile Island, Redemption Island, and the {{dab|Edge of Extinction|twist}}, but has only spent time on the Edge.
  +
* [[Stephenie LaGrossa]] is the only female contestant to be a returnee in [[Survivor: Guatemala|a season with one returnee per tribe]].
  +
* Every season prior to {{S|38}} has produced at least one returning player.
  +
** However, no players who debuted in {{S|26}} have returned. The only returnees from this season, [[Andrea Boehlke]] and [[Malcolm Freberg]], were on it as returnees themselves.
  +
* Prior to {{S|25}}, no contestant to place worse than 10th on their first season had been invited to return. ''Philippines'' broke this pattern by having [[Michael Skupin]] (11th) from ''The Australian Outback'' and [[Russell Swan]] (14th) from {{S2|19}} compete again.
  +
** Russell was the first pre-[[merge]] returnee who failed to reach the merge twice. He was followed by [[Francesca Hogi]], [[Colton Cumbie]], and [[Caleb Reynolds]].
  +
** Though he did reach the merge once, [[Jeff Varner]] competed thrice and missed a spot on the [[jury]] in all three of his seasons.
  +
* In all three seasons that had a tribe of returning players against a tribe of new players:
  +
** A [[Tribe Switch]] occurred, creating tribes with both new and returning players.
 
** Post-switch, the tribe originally consisting of new players won every [[Immunity Challenge]].
 
** Post-switch, the tribe originally consisting of new players won every [[Immunity Challenge]].
** The [[Sole Survivor]] and at least one runner-up were returning players, and no new players received votes from the [[jury]].
+
** The Sole Survivor and at least one runner-up were returning players, and no new players received votes from the jury.
  +
* In every all-returnee season with at least one previous winner, a winner was the fifth person eliminated: [[Richard Hatch]] in {{S|8}}, [[Tom Westman]] in {{S|20}}, [[J.T. Thomas]] in {{S|34}}, and [[Sandra Diaz-Twine]] in {{S|40}}
  +
* Among the eight seasons that featured a mix of new and returning players, {{S|38}} is the first and only season where all the returning players were voted out before the [[Final Tribal Council]].
  +
** Due to the {{dab|Edge of Extinction|twist}} twist that allowed players to stay in the game after being voted out, all eight mixed seasons have featured at least one returning player still in contention in the season's finale episode.
  +
* [[Andrea Boehlke]] has received more votes over her ''Survivor'' career than any other returning player, with 36 total votes.
  +
* [[Cirie Fields]], [[Aubry Bracco]], [[Rob Mariano]], and [[Parvati Shallow]] are the only contestants to make it to the finale episode of a season on three separate occasions. It should be noted, though, that on {{S|12}} [[The Final Showdown|the finale episode]] started with Cirie losing a fire-making challenge, and being eliminated from the game; while on [[I See the Million Dollars|the finale episode]] of {{S|38}} and [[It All Boils Down to This|the finale episode]] of {{S|40}}, Aubry (''Edge of Extinction''), and Rob and Parvati (''Winner at War'') were on the Edge of Extinction and, each having lost their respective re-entry [[duel]]s, failed to return to the game.
  +
* Three of the four all-returnee seasons that had Tribe Switches ({{S|8}}, {{S|31}}, {{S|34}}) have all featured one tribe that did not have at least one player stay on it from the beginning of the game until the merge, with all the original members switching to another tribe at some point or being eliminated pre-merge. The tribes in question are [[Mogo Mogo]], [[Ta Keo]], and [[Nuku]].
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
Line 155: Line 155:
 
[[Category:Survivor: Blood vs. Water]]
 
[[Category:Survivor: Blood vs. Water]]
 
[[Category:Survivor: Cambodia]]
 
[[Category:Survivor: Cambodia]]
  +
[[Category:Survivor: Game Changers]]
  +
[[Category:Survivor: Edge of Extinction]]
  +
[[Category:Statistics]]
  +
[[Category:Survivor: Winners at War]]

Latest revision as of 12:01, May 17, 2020

Returning Player seasons offer the opportunity to former contestants to play the game of Survivor again.

OriginsEdit

The idea of former players returning originally occurred in Survivor: All-Stars. Executive Producer Mark Burnett wanted to showcase "The best of the best" after the ratings increase of Survivor: Pearl Islands. During pre-production for All-Stars, Burnett wrote down the series' most likable, villainous, and memorable players on a legal pad and shortlisted eighteen names within minutes.

All-StarsEdit

"All-Stars" seasons feature casts comprised entirely of returning players. The eponymous season, All-Stars, saw 18 returnees divided into three competing tribes.

The All-Stars twist was revived for the ten-year anniversary season, Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains. This season divided the returnees based on their heroic or villainous reputations.

Survivor: Cambodia featured a "Second Chance" theme, consisting of contestants who played only once and lost; and its cast was entirely chosen by viewers through an online poll.

Survivor: Game Changers featured former contestants who contributed to the evolution of Survivor strategy and gameplay.

Survivor: Winners at War, the twenty-year anniversary season, consisted of former Sole Survivors returning to try and win for their second (or third) time.

Fans vs. FavoritesEdit

Although initially intending to produce a second all-stars season, Burnett pushed for Survivor to experiment with different twists in their 16th season. The result was the "Fans vs. Favorites" twist that saw a tribe of ten returning players pitted against a tribe of ten "superfans". Survivor: Micronesia and Survivor: Caramoan both utilized this format.

One Returnee per TribeEdit

This format features two to three former castaways, each being assigned to a tribe of new players. Survivor: Guatemala, Survivor: Redemption Island, Survivor: South Pacific, and Survivor: Philippines followed this format.

Survivor: Edge of Extinction expanded on this format, bringing back four former castaways and assigning two to each tribe of new players.

Blood vs. WaterEdit

Another type of "Returnees vs. New Players" format is the couples format, where returnees would compete against people they personally know. It was first used in Survivor: Blood vs. Water, where ten returning castaways would compete against their loved ones, similar to the "Fans vs. Favorites" format. However, each castaway would compete individually, so a castaway would still be in the game even after their partner was voted out. The twist would play its part when a castaway could opt to replace their partner on Redemption Island before a duel took place, thus allowing their partner to take their place on their tribe. While the Blood vs. Water twist would return in Survivor: San Juan del Sur, it was done with all new players and no Redemption Island.

Returning Players by SeasonEdit

Season Returned to Future Season Season Returned to Future Season
Borneo S1 gervase tS1 jenna tS1 kelly t
S1 richard tS1 rudy tS1 susan t
SurvivorAustraliaLogo S2 alicia tS2 amber tS2 colby tS2 jeff t
S2 jerri tS2 kimmi tS2 michael tS2 tina t
Africa NB S3 ethan tS3 lex tS3 tom t Marquesas NB S4 kathy tS4 rob t
ThailandTransparentLogo S5 shiiann t Amazon NB S6 jenna tS6 rob t
SurvivorPearlIslandsLogo S7 andrew tS7 jon tS7 rupert tS7 sandra t SurvivorAllStarsLogo S8 amber tS8 colby tS8 ethan t
S8 jerri tS8 robm tS8 rupert tS8 tina t
Vanuatu NB S9 ami tS9 eliza t Palau NB S10 bobbyjon tS10 stephenie tS10 tom t
GuatemalaLogo S11 danni tS11 stephenie t PanamaLogo S12 aras tS12 cirie tS12 danielle tS12 terry t
SurvivorCookIslandsLogo S13 candice tS13 jonathan t
S13 ozzy tS13 parvati tS13 yul t
SurvivorFijiLogo S14 yauman t
ChinaLogo S15 amanda tS15 courtney tS15 james tS15 peihgee t MicronesiaLogo S16 amanda tS16 cirie tS16 erik t
S16 james tS16 jonathan tS16 ozzy tS16 parvati t
GabonLogo S17 corinne tS17 randy tS17 sugar t TocantinsLogo S18 coach tS18 jt tS18 stephen tS18 tyson t
SamoaLogo S19 laura tS19 monica tS19 russellh tS19 russells t HvVLogo S20 candice tS20 cirie tS20 coach t
S20 jt tS20 parvati tS20 rob tS20 rupert t
S20 russell tS20 sandra tS20 tyson t
NicaraguaLogo S21 brenda t RedemptionIslandLogo S22 andrea tS22 francesca tS22 phillip tS22 rob t
SouthPacificLogo S23 brandon tS23 cochran t
S23 dawn tS23 ozzy tS23 sophie t
OneWorldLogo S24 colton tS24 kat t
S24 kim tS24 monica tS24 troyzan t
PhilippinesLogo S25 abimaria tS25 denise tS25 malcolm t CaramoanLogo S26 andrea tS26 malcolm t
BvWLogo S27 brad tS27 ciera tS27 tyson tS27 vytas t CagayanLogo S28 kass tS28 sarah tS28 spencer t
S28 tasha tS28 tony tS28 woo t
SJDSLogo S29 jeremy tS29 keith tS29 kelley tS29 natalie t WALogo S30 hali tS30 joe tS30 shirin tS30 sierra t
Survivor31logo S31 ciera tS31 jeff t
S31 jeremy tS31 joe tS31 kelley t
Survivor kaoh rong logo S32 aubry tS32 caleb t
S32 debbie tS32 michele tS32 tai t
Survivor 33 Logo S33 adam tS33 david tS33 michaela tS33 zeke t Survivor 34 Logo S34 aubry tS34 sandra tS34 sarah tS34 tony t
Survivor 35 Logo S35 ben t Survivor 36 Logo S36 wendell t
Survivor 37 Logo S37 nick t Survivor 38 Logo None
Survivor Island of the Idols logo None Winners at War Logo Most recent season

TriviaEdit

Seasons and TwistsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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