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==Trivia==
 
==Trivia==
 
*There have been 79 returning players.
 
*There have been 79 returning players.
**63 have played twice, 14 have played three times and 2 have played four-time.
+
**63 have played twice, 14 have played three times and 2 have played four times.
  +
*[[Rob Mariano]] and [[Rupert Boneham]] are the only contestants to play four times.
  +
**On their fourth attempts, Rob was the Sole Survivor, while Rupert was the first to be eliminated. Both of these fourth attempts featured both new and returning players, and also had [[Redemption Island]] in play.
 
*[[Sandra Diaz-Twine]], [[Jenna Morasca]], [[Michael Skupin]], and [[Colton Cumbie]] are the only returning players to never be voted out.
 
*[[Sandra Diaz-Twine]], [[Jenna Morasca]], [[Michael Skupin]], and [[Colton Cumbie]] are the only returning players to never be voted out.
 
**However, Sandra is currently the only returning player to never be eliminated. Jenna made the [[Final Tribal Council]] once and quit once, Michael made the Final Tribal Council once and was medically evacuated once, and Colton was medically evacuated once and quit once.
 
**However, Sandra is currently the only returning player to never be eliminated. Jenna made the [[Final Tribal Council]] once and quit once, Michael made the Final Tribal Council once and was medically evacuated once, and Colton was medically evacuated once and quit once.
 
*{{S|2}} currently has the most returning castaways, with eight.
 
*{{S|2}} currently has the most returning castaways, with eight.
  +
**The eight returnees from ''The Australian Outback'' have returned eleven times total, the most of any season.
 
*[[Erik Reichenbach]] was the only original castaway from {{S|16}} to return while the rest of the returning players from ''Micronesia'' have already played more then once before.
 
*[[Erik Reichenbach]] was the only original castaway from {{S|16}} to return while the rest of the returning players from ''Micronesia'' have already played more then once before.
 
** In addition, no players that debuted in {{S|11}} have returned. The only returnee from ''Guatemala'', [[Stephenie LaGrossa]], was a returnee herself on that season.
 
** In addition, no players that debuted in {{S|11}} have returned. The only returnee from ''Guatemala'', [[Stephenie LaGrossa]], was a returnee herself on that season.
*Two returnees from {{S|19}} are named [[Russell Hantz|Rus]][[Russell Swan|sell]].
+
* {{S|26}} is the currently only season where no castaways have returned.
**Both Russells were the first returnees to be voted out of their [[Zapatera|respective]] [[Matsing|tribes]] in separate ''One Returnee per Tribe'' seasons.
+
*[[Richard Hatch|The]] [[Kelly Wiglesworth|fin]][[Rudy Boesch|al]] [[Susan Hawk|four]] of {{S|1}} and [[Aras Baskauskas|fin]][[Danielle DiLorenzo|al]] [[Terry Deitz|fo]][[Cirie Fields|ur]] of {{S|12}} have all been returning players.
**Neither one have ever been on the jury. (Russell Hantz made the Final Tribal Council in ''Samoa'' and {{S|20}}, and was voted out before the jury phase in {{S4|22}}, while Russell Swan was eliminated before the jury phase in both Samoa and {{S4|25}}.)
 
**Coincidentally, the [[Laura Morett|third returnee]] from ''Samoa'' would share a name with [[Laura Boneham|another castaway]] on her second try.
 
 
*All the returnees from {{S|13}} have participated in the game three times, and it is the season to have introduced the highest number of three time players, with four.
 
*All the returnees from {{S|13}} have participated in the game three times, and it is the season to have introduced the highest number of three time players, with four.
*The eight returnees from {{S|2}} have returned eleven times total, the most of any season.
 
*[[Rob Mariano]] and [[Rupert Boneham]] are the only contestants to play four times.
 
**On their fourth attempts, Rob was the Sole Survivor, while Rupert was the first to be eliminated. Both of these fourth attempts featured both new and returning players, and also had [[Redemption Island]] in play.
 
**On their first seasons, both were eliminated towards the middle of the game, and both then participated together in {{S|8}} and {{S|20}}.
 
 
*Starting from ''Survivor: Philippines'', the producers have began to bring back players who placed lower than 10th place; before then, only players who made the final 10 in their first appearance were asked back. [[Russell Swan]], [[Michael Skupin]], [[Francesca Hogi]], [[Monica Culpepper]], [[Colton Cumbie]], [[Kimmi Kappenberg]] and [[Kelley Wentworth]] have all returned after finishing 11th or lower in their first appearance.
 
*Starting from ''Survivor: Philippines'', the producers have began to bring back players who placed lower than 10th place; before then, only players who made the final 10 in their first appearance were asked back. [[Russell Swan]], [[Michael Skupin]], [[Francesca Hogi]], [[Monica Culpepper]], [[Colton Cumbie]], [[Kimmi Kappenberg]] and [[Kelley Wentworth]] have all returned after finishing 11th or lower in their first appearance.
 
**Kimmi and Kelley were voted by viewers to return.
 
**Kimmi and Kelley were voted by viewers to return.
 
*[[Kelly Wiglesworth]] currently holds the record of the longest period between appearances on ''Survivor'' with 30 seasons.
 
*[[Kelly Wiglesworth]] currently holds the record of the longest period between appearances on ''Survivor'' with 30 seasons.
**Before Kelly, [[Gervase Peterson]] held this record with 26 seasons in between appearances on ''Survivor''.
 
 
**[[Jeff Varner]] and [[Kimmi Kappenberg]] have the second highest record with 29 seasons in between appearances.
 
**[[Jeff Varner]] and [[Kimmi Kappenberg]] have the second highest record with 29 seasons in between appearances.
  +
**[[Gervase Peterson]] has the third highest record with 26 seasons in between appearances on ''Survivor''.
 
*In all three seasons where the tribes were divided as new players against returning players:
 
*In all three seasons where the tribes were divided as new players against returning players:
 
**A [[Tribe Switch]] occurred, mixing the tribes between new and returning players.
 
**A [[Tribe Switch]] occurred, mixing the tribes between new and returning players.
 
**Post-switch, the tribe originally consisting of new players won every Immunity Challenge.
 
**Post-switch, the tribe originally consisting of new players won every Immunity Challenge.
*Every season filmed in the Philippines that featured returning players had the youngest returning player be a male contestant who debuted in a season filmed in Samoa.
 
**For ''{{S3|25}}'', Russell Swan, who debuted in ''Survivor: Samoa''
 
**For ''{{S3|26}}'', Brandon Hantz, who debuted in ''{{S3|23}}''.
 
**For ''{{S3|27}}'', Colton Cumbie, who debuted in ''{{S3|24}}''.
 
 
*Every season with more than three returning players has had three contestants who debuted in the same season returning for the first time.
 
*Every season with more than three returning players has had three contestants who debuted in the same season returning for the first time.
 
**In ''{{S3|8}}'', from ''{{S3|3}}'': Tom Buchanan, Lex van den Berghe, and Ethan Zohn.
 
**In ''{{S3|8}}'', from ''{{S3|3}}'': Tom Buchanan, Lex van den Berghe, and Ethan Zohn.
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**In ''{{S3|27}}'', from ''{{S3|24}}'': Monica Culpepper, Colton Cumbie, and Kat Edorsson.
 
**In ''{{S3|27}}'', from ''{{S3|24}}'': Monica Culpepper, Colton Cumbie, and Kat Edorsson.
 
**In ''{{S3|31}}'', from ''{{S3|29}}'': Kelley Wentworth, Jeremy Collins, and Keith Nale.
 
**In ''{{S3|31}}'', from ''{{S3|29}}'': Kelley Wentworth, Jeremy Collins, and Keith Nale.
***''{{S3|31}}'' also featured four returning contestants from ''{{S3|28}}'': Tasha Fox, Spencer Bledsoe, Kass McQuillen, and Woo Hwang.
 
 
*In every season that featured returning contestants, a returning contestant has reached the Final Tribal Council.
 
*In every season that featured returning contestants, a returning contestant has reached the Final Tribal Council.
 
** In ''{{S3|8}}'', Rob Mariano and Amber Bkrich. Amber Bkrich became the Sole Survivor.
 
** In ''{{S3|8}}'', Rob Mariano and Amber Bkrich. Amber Bkrich became the Sole Survivor.
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** In ''{{S3|26}}'', Dawn Meehan and John Cochran. John Cochran became the Sole Survivor.
 
** In ''{{S3|26}}'', Dawn Meehan and John Cochran. John Cochran became the Sole Survivor.
 
** In ''{{S3|27}}''; Monica Culpepper, Tyson Apostol, and Gervase Peterson. Tyson Apostol became the Sole Survivor.
 
** In ''{{S3|27}}''; Monica Culpepper, Tyson Apostol, and Gervase Peterson. Tyson Apostol became the Sole Survivor.
* {{S|26}} is the currently only season where no castaways have returned.
 
*[[Richard Hatch|The]] [[Kelly Wiglesworth|fin]][[Rudy Boesch|al]] [[Susan Hawk|four]] of {{S|1}} and [[Aras Baskauskas|fin]][[Danielle DiLorenzo|al]] [[Terry Deitz|fo]][[Cirie Fields|ur]] of {{S|12}} have all been returning players.
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 00:48, November 3, 2015

Returning Players in Survivor offer the opportunity for former contestants to return for another shot at becoming the Sole Survivor.

Origins

The idea of former players returning occurred in Survivor: All-Stars. Executive Producer Mark Burnett wanted to showcase "The best of the best" after the ratings increase of Survivor: Pearl Islands. During pre-production for All-Stars, Burnett wrote down the series' most likable, villainous, and memorable players on a legal pad and shortlisted eighteen names within minutes. 

All-Stars

All-Stars seasons feature a cast comprised entirely of returning players. The eponymous season, All-Stars, saw 18 returnees divided into three competing tribes. Amber Brkich ultimately won the season against Rob Mariano. The All-Stars twist was revived for the ten-year anniversary season, Heroes vs. Villains. This season divided the returnees based on the heroic or villainous reputations. Sandra Diaz-Twine became the first two-time winner of Survivor, beating Parvati Shallow and Russell Hantz.

Although proving to be a success for fans of the show, some critics argued that the survival aspects were completely removed in favor of strategy and exuberant challenges. Fans also responded negatively to players that, according to popular opinion, had no plausible reason to return. Notable casting controversies include Amber Brkich in All-Stars (who had been a backup to Elisabeth Filarski and Colleen Haskell) and Candice Woodcock in Heroes vs. Villains (whose most notable action in her past Survivor career was Mutiny, not the most heroic action but not necessarily meaning she belonged on the Villains tribe).

Fans vs. Favorites

Although initially intending to produce a second all-stars season, Burnett pushed for Survivor to experiment with different twists in their 16th season. The result was the Fans vs. Favorites twist that saw a tribe of ten returning players pitted against a tribe of ten "die-hard" fans of the show. Both iterations of this twist have seen the favorites tribe comprised solely of contestants who had only played once previously and who did not win.

The first installment, Survivor: Micronesia, became one of the series' most popular installments. Returning player Parvati Shallow beat out fellow favorite Amanda Kimmel in a 5-3 vote.

The twist was brought back ten seasons later for Survivor: Caramoan. Returning player John Cochran beat out fellow favorite Dawn Meehan and fan Sherri Biethman in a unanimous 8-0-0 vote.

One Returnee per Tribe

The One Returnee per Tribe twist sees two to three returning players competing against new castaways, with one returnee placed on each of the competing tribes. In all seasons featuring this twist, a returning player has made it to the Final Tribal Council.

The twist was first introduced in Survivor: Guatemala. Two former castaways from Survivor: Palau, Bobby Jon Drinkard and Stephenie LaGrossa, returned for a shot at redemption after being the final two members of the infamous Ulong tribe. New contestant Danni Boatwright won the season against Stephenie.

The Redemption Island twist saw the resurrection of this method for introducing Returnees. In Survivor: Redemption Island, Rob Mariano and Russell Hantz were brought back to settle their rivalry from Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains. Russell was targeted early when his tribe threw a challenge to vote him out. Meanwhile, Rob won the game against fellow Ometepe tribemates Phillip Sheppard and Natalie Tenerelli.

The Redemption Island format was revisited in Survivor: South Pacific, with Coach Wade and Ozzy Lusth returning to improve on their weak social games. This was the first time the two returning players had not previously competed on the same season. New contestant Sophie Clarke claimed the prize, beating Coach and Albert Destrade.

Survivor: Philippines introduced three previous contestants, Russell Swan, Michael Skupin, and Jonathan Penner, all of whom were evacuated due to medical reasons. This is the only iteration of the One Returnee per Tribe twist to bring back more than two returning players. New contestant Denise Stapley won the game against Lisa Whelchel and Skupin.

Couples

Another type of Returnees vs. New Players format is the couples format, where returnees would compete against people they personally know. It was first used in Survivor: Blood vs. Water, where ten returning castaways would compete against their loved ones. However, each castaway would compete individually, so a castaway would still be in the game even after its partner was voted out. The twist would play its part when a castaway can opt to replace its partner who is currently on Redemption Island before a duel takes place, thus allowing its partner to take its place in the tribe.

Second Chance

The most recent type of returning player season is Survivor: Cambodia in which the public has the opportunity to vote for 20 of 32 certain contestants to return and have another shot. These players each have only played once and have never won, while also originating from multiple seasons, all the way from season 1-30. These players can also be runner-ups, jury members, or even pre-merge boots.

Success in the Game

It should be noted that during every season thus far that has featured returning players competing against new players, at least one has made it to the Final Two/Three in those seasons. These players include Stephenie LaGrossa (Guatemala), Amanda Kimmel (Micronesia), Parvati Shallow (Micronesia), Rob Mariano (Redemption Island), Coach Wade (South Pacific), Michael Skupin (Philippines), Dawn Meehan (Caramoan), John Cochran (Caramoan), Gervase Peterson (Blood vs. Water), Monica Culpepper (Blood vs. Water) and Tyson Apostol (Blood vs. Water).

Returning Players by Season

Season Returned to Future Season Season Returned to Future Season
Borneo 60px60px60px
60px60px60px
Australia NB 60px60px60px
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60px60px60px
100px 60px60px60px 100px 60px60px
100px 60px 100px 60px60px
100px 60px60px
60px60px
100px 60px60px
60px60px60px
100px 60px60px 100px 60px60px60px
100px 60px Panama NB 60px60px
60px60px
100px 60px60px
60px60px
Fiji 60px
China NB 60px60px
60px60px
Micronesia no background 60px60px
60px60px60px
60px60px
Gabon 60px60px60px Tocantins NB 60px60px
60px60px
100px 60px60px
60px60px
Heroes vs. Villains NB 60px60px60px
60px60px60px
Survivor Nicaragua logo 60px Redemptionisland 60px60px60px
100px 60px60px60px One World NB 60px60px60px
Philippines NB 60px60px Survivor26logo None
BvW Logo 60px60px Survivor-28 Logo 60px60px
60px60px
SurvivorSanJuanDelSurLogo S29 jeremy tS29 keith tS29 kelley t Survivor-logo 612x380 S30 joe tS30 shirin t
Survivor31logo Current Season

Trivia

  • There have been 79 returning players.
    • 63 have played twice, 14 have played three times and 2 have played four times.
  • Rob Mariano and Rupert Boneham are the only contestants to play four times.
    • On their fourth attempts, Rob was the Sole Survivor, while Rupert was the first to be eliminated. Both of these fourth attempts featured both new and returning players, and also had Redemption Island in play.
  • Sandra Diaz-Twine, Jenna Morasca, Michael Skupin, and Colton Cumbie are the only returning players to never be voted out.
    • However, Sandra is currently the only returning player to never be eliminated. Jenna made the Final Tribal Council once and quit once, Michael made the Final Tribal Council once and was medically evacuated once, and Colton was medically evacuated once and quit once.
  • Survivor: The Australian Outback currently has the most returning castaways, with eight.
    • The eight returnees from The Australian Outback have returned eleven times total, the most of any season.
  • Erik Reichenbach was the only original castaway from Survivor: Micronesia to return while the rest of the returning players from Micronesia have already played more then once before.
  • Survivor: Caramoan is the currently only season where no castaways have returned.
  • The final four of Survivor: Borneo and final four of Survivor: Panama have all been returning players.
  • All the returnees from Survivor: Cook Islands have participated in the game three times, and it is the season to have introduced the highest number of three time players, with four.
  • Starting from Survivor: Philippines, the producers have began to bring back players who placed lower than 10th place; before then, only players who made the final 10 in their first appearance were asked back. Russell Swan, Michael Skupin, Francesca Hogi, Monica Culpepper, Colton Cumbie, Kimmi Kappenberg and Kelley Wentworth have all returned after finishing 11th or lower in their first appearance.
    • Kimmi and Kelley were voted by viewers to return.
  • Kelly Wiglesworth currently holds the record of the longest period between appearances on Survivor with 30 seasons.
  • In all three seasons where the tribes were divided as new players against returning players:
    • A Tribe Switch occurred, mixing the tribes between new and returning players.
    • Post-switch, the tribe originally consisting of new players won every Immunity Challenge.
  • Every season with more than three returning players has had three contestants who debuted in the same season returning for the first time.
    • In Survivor: All-Stars, from Survivor: Africa: Tom Buchanan, Lex van den Berghe, and Ethan Zohn.
    • In Survivor: Micronesia, from Survivor: Cook Islands: Ozzy Lusth, Jonathan Penner, and Parvati Shallow.
    • In Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains, from Survivor: Tocantins: Tyson Apostol, Coach Wade, and J.T. Thomas.
    • In Survivor: Caramoan, from Survivor: Redemption Island: Andrea Boehlke, Francesca Hogi, and Phillip Sheppard; and from Survivor: South Pacific: John Cochran, Brandon Hantz, and Dawn Meehan.
    • In Survivor: Blood vs. Water, from Survivor: One World: Monica Culpepper, Colton Cumbie, and Kat Edorsson.
    • In Survivor: Cambodia, from Survivor: San Juan del Sur: Kelley Wentworth, Jeremy Collins, and Keith Nale.
  • In every season that featured returning contestants, a returning contestant has reached the Final Tribal Council.
    • In Survivor: All-Stars, Rob Mariano and Amber Bkrich. Amber Bkrich became the Sole Survivor.
    • In Survivor: Guatemala, Stephenie LaGrossa.
    • In Survivor: Micronesia, Amanda Kimmel and Parvati Shallow. Parvati Shallow became the Sole Survivor.
    • In Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains; Sandra-Diaz Twine, Parvati Shallow, and Russell Hantz. Sandra Diaz-Twine became the Sole Survivor.
    • In Survivor: Redemption Island, Rob Mariano. He became the Sole Survivor.
      • Rob is the only returning player to be the only returning player in the finals and win the game.
    • In Survivor: South Pacific, Benjamin "Coach" Wade.
    • In Survivor: Philippines, Michael Skupin.
    • In Survivor: Caramoan, Dawn Meehan and John Cochran. John Cochran became the Sole Survivor.
    • In Survivor: Blood vs. Water; Monica Culpepper, Tyson Apostol, and Gervase Peterson. Tyson Apostol became the Sole Survivor.

References

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