Each tribe will race to fill a large bucket with several holes on the side with water. They will then transport the bucket through a series of obstacles and dispose of the water into a large troth. The first tribe(s) to fill their troth and raise their tribe flag win the challenge.
In David vs. Goliath and Winners at War, a large saucer was used instead of a bucket with holes. After filling a well, puzzle pieces would drop, which tribes must use to solve a puzzle on their saucer.
The challenge debuted in One World immediately after the Tribe Switch. The new Salani tribe employed a strategy of filling their bucket to the brim to offset the amount of water lost to beat the new Manono tribe in a closely fought challenge to win reward.
The challenge reappeared in Worlds Apart as the third Reward/Immunity Challenge. Nagarote made the decision to have Nina Poersch not assist in carrying the bucket, but to instead go ahead of the tribe and stay out of their way. This strategy failed and Nagarote quickly fell behind. Ultimately, a close race for first was won by Escameca over Masaya, while Nagarote was sent to their second consecutive Tribal Council.
The challenge appeared again in David vs. Goliath as the fifth Immunity Challenge. Tiva surged ahead and easily finished in first, while Jabeni struggled to carry their saucer, allowing Vuku to finish in second, and sending Jabeni back to Tribal Council.
The challenge appeared again in Winners at War as the eighth Immunity Challenge, with a similar set-up to David vs. Goliath. Yara employed a slow and steady approach to fill their well first, allowing them to surge ahead and easily finish their puzzle. Dakal and Sele were neck and neck, but several key moments, including a trip from Michele Fitzgerald, as well as Wendell Holland wasting time to call over host Jeff Probst, allowed Dakal to finish their puzzle first by seconds, sending Sele back to Tribal Council.
| One World|
"A Bunch of Idiots"
"Crazy Is as Crazy Does"
|David vs. Goliath|
"Aren't Brochachos Just Adorable?"
|Winners at War|
"We're in the Majors"
- This challenge's name is derived from a children's song called There's a Hole in My Bucket.
- One World is the only season where this challenge was used without three tribes competing.
- Kim Spradlin-Wolfe and Nick Wilson are the only castaways to compete in this challenge twice.
- Kim won twice, while Nick has never won.